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BACKGROUND VEGF-regulated genes in the cervices of pregnant and non-pregnant rodents (rats and mice) were delineated by DNA microarray and Real Time PCR, after locally altering levels of or action of VEGF using VEGF agents, namely siRNA, VEGF receptor antagonist and mouse VEGF recombinant protein. METHODS Tissues were analyzed by genome-wide DNA(More)
Before parturition the uterine cervix undergoes a ripening process ("softens" and dilates) to allow passage of the fetus at term. The exact mechanism(s) responsible for cervical ripening are unknown, though a role for peptidergic sensory neurons is emerging. Previous work demonstrated that administration of substance P (SP) to ovariectomized rats caused(More)
Prior to parturition the non-pliable uterine cervix undergoes a ripening process ("softens" and dilates) to allow a timely passage of the fetus at term. The exact mechanism(s) triggering and involved in cervical ripening are unknown, though evidence for a role for sensory neurons and their contained neuropeptides is emerging. Moreover, an apparent increase(More)
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD) is a common pediatric behavioral disorder associated with male preponderance and reduction of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF). However, lack of an appropriate animal model exhibiting appropriate AD/HD symptoms stands in the way of studying mechanism(s) underlying reduced rCBF and male preponderance. Our(More)
Although synthesis of estrogen by male gonads has been well documented for over half a century, it is only recently that the role of estrogen in male reproductive events has gained appreciation. We recently reported abundant expression of estrogen receptor (ER)-alpha and -beta in different cell types of the rat penis, whose levels diminished with advancing(More)
This study employed an in situ hybridization technique to compare the cellular expression of oestrogen receptor (ER) subtypes, ER and , in the female reproductive organ of the rat during prenatal and postnatal periods. Diffuse signals of ER and mRNAs were co-expressed in the foetal ovary; they were weak and inconsistent before onset of gonadal(More)
Until relatively recently, most studies of the effects of estradiol in the nervous system focused on hypothalamic, limbic, and other brain centers involved in reproductive hormone output, feedback, and behaviors. Almost no studies addressed estradiol effects at the spinal cord or peripheral nervous system level. Prior to the mid-1960s-1970s, few studies(More)
We mapped the cellular expression of estrogen receptor (ER) and ER mRNAs in the male reproductive system of the rat during development and adulthood by in situ hybridization. The expression patterns of ER mRNA in the gonad, efferent duct and initial segment of the epididymis during the perinatal period were essentially similar to those of the adult: ER mRNA(More)
Central nervous system nuclei and circuits, such as the medial preoptic, ventromedial and paraventricular nuclei of the hypothalamus, play important roles in reproduction and parturition, and are influenced by estrogen. Peripheral autonomic and sensory neurons also play important roles in pregnancy and parturition. Moreover, the steroid hormone estrogen(More)
The uterine cervix is highly innervated by the sensory nerves containing neuropeptides which change during pregnancy and are regulated, in part, by estrogen. These neuropeptides act as transmitters both in the spinal cord and cervix. The present study was undertaken to determine the expression pattern of the neuropeptide pituitary adenylate cyclase(More)