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Anti-p200 pemphigoid has been characterized by autoantibodies to an unidentified 200-kDa protein (p200) of the dermal-epidermal junction. The objective of this study was to identify p200. We performed 2D gel electrophoresis of dermal extracts and immunoblotting with patients' sera, followed by MS analysis of a unique protein band. The protein band(More)
Extracellular matrix (ECM), which provides critical scaffolds for all adhesive cells, regulates proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. Different cell types employ customized ECMs, which are thought to play important roles in the generation of so-called niches that contribute to cell-specific functions. The molecular entities of these customized(More)
Guanylyl cyclase activating peptide II (GCAP-II), an endogenous ligand of guanylyl cyclase C, is produced via the processing of the precursor protein (prepro-GCAP-II). We have previously shown that the propeptide in pro-GCAP-II functions as an intramolecular chaperone in the proper folding of the mature peptide, GCAP-II (Hidaka, Y., Ohno, M., Hemmasi, B.,(More)
Activin A, a member of the transforming growth factor-β family, plays important roles in hormonal homeostasis and embryogenesis. In this study, we produced recombinant human activin A and examined its abilities to bind to extracellular matrix proteins. Recombinant activin A expressed in 293-F cells was purified as complexes of mature dimeric activin A with(More)
Loss of function mutations in GPR56, which encodes a G protein-coupled receptor, cause a specific human brain malformation called bilateral frontoparietal polymicrogyria (BFPP). Studies from BFPP postmortem brain tissue and Gpr56 knockout mice have previously showed that GPR56 deletion leads to breaches in the pial basement membrane (BM) and neuronal(More)
The C1q family is characterized by the C-terminally conserved globular C1q (gC1q) domain. Although more than 30 C1q family proteins have been identified in mammals, many of them remain ill-defined with respect to their molecular and biological properties. Here, we report on a novel C1q family protein specifically expressed in the central nervous system(More)
Laminins, the major basement membrane glycoproteins, are composed of three subunits. We identified a splice variant of the human laminin alpha4 subunit transcript containing 21 extra nucleotides. A heptapeptide sequence, MDCPTIS, was inserted close to the two cysteine residues possibly involved in the intersubunit disulfide bonds. Both the authentic alpha4(More)
Nephronectin is a basement membrane protein comprising five N-terminal epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like repeats, a central linker segment containing an Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) motif and a C-terminal meprin-A5 protein-receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase μ (MAM) domain. Nephronectin has been shown to interact with α8β1 integrin through the central linker(More)
Laminins play an important role in neuronal development. However, the effects of each laminin isoform on neurite morphology remain unclear. Here, we examined the effects of particular laminin (LN) isoforms on hippocampal neuron morphology. We found that LN-511 remarkably promoted elongation of both axons and dendrites, but reduced the number of dendrites.(More)
RATIONALE Lymphatic vasculature constitutes a second vascular system essential for immune surveillance and tissue fluid homeostasis. Maturation of the hierarchical vascular structure, with a highly branched network of capillaries and ducts, is crucial for its function. Environmental cues mediate the remodeling process, but the mechanism that underlies this(More)
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