Chisato Kikuguchi

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The CCR4-NOT complex is conserved in eukaryotes and is involved in mRNA metabolism, though its molecular physiological roles remain to be established. We show here that CNOT3-depleted mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) undergo cell death. Levels of other complex subunits are decreased in CNOT3-depleted MEFs. The death phenotype is rescued by introduction of(More)
We investigated the effects of SP600125 (formerly called c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) inhibitor II) on translation using cultured mouse cells. SP600125 (50 µM) treatment rapidly repressed overall protein synthesis, accompanied by a reduction in the mRNAs for housekeeping genes such as glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase in the polysomal fraction.(More)
Although Escherichia coli LPS is known to elicit various proinflammatory responses in macrophages, its effect on the translational states of transcripts has not yet been explored on a genome-wide scale. To address this, we investigated the mRNA profiles in polysomal and free messenger ribonucleoprotein particle (mRNP) fractions of mouse macrophage-like 3(More)
Osteoclastogenesis is under the control of posttranscriptional and transcriptional events. However, posttranscriptional regulation of osteoclastogenesis is incompletely understood. CNOT3 is a component of the CCR4 family that regulates mRNA stability, but its function in bone is not known. Here, we show that Cnot3 deficiency by deletion of a single allele(More)
Although Escherichia coli LPS is known to elicit various proinflammatory responses in macrophages, its effect on the translational states of transcripts has not yet been explored on a genome-wide scale. To address this, we investigated the mRNA profiles in polysomal and free messenger ribonucleoprotein particle (mRNP) fractions of mouse macrophage-like(More)
The stability of mRNA influences the dynamics of gene expression. The CCR4-NOT complex, the major deadenylase in mammalian cells, shortens the mRNA poly(A) tail and contributes to the destabilization of mRNAs. The CCR4-NOT complex plays pivotal roles in various physiological functions, including cell proliferation, apoptosis, and metabolism. Here, we show(More)
Macrophages play a critical role in chronic inflammation and metabolic diseases. We identified a longer splice variant of ubiquitin specific protease (USP) 2-69 as a novel molecule that modulates pathways implicated in metabolic disorders. Expression levels of aP2/FABP4 and PAI-1/SERPINE1 genes were increased by 4- and 1.8-fold, respectively, after short(More)
Lipodystrophy involves a loss of adipose tissue. In mice, disruption of adipose tissue Cnot3, a subunit of the CCR4-NOT deadenylase complex, causes adipose tissue anomalies. In Cnot3ad-/- mice, white adipose tissue (WAT) decreases concomitantly with enhanced inflammation, whereas brown adipose tissue increases and contains larger lipid droplets. Cnot3ad-/-(More)
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