Chisa Nishimura

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Aldose reductase (AR) is implicated in some of the disabling complications of diabetes, including neuropathy, retinopathy and cataracts. Our studies are aimed at further clarifying the role of AR in diabetes and facilitating the design of new classes of potent, specific AR inhibitors by gaining an understanding of the protein structure of AR. To this end,(More)
Serum levels of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) were measured by a radioimmunoassay technique. The mean CEA level for 80 controls was 2.03 ng/ml with a standard deviation of 0.49 ng/ml. Hence, the upper limit of normal for serum CEA levels was considered to be 3.01 ng/ml, ie, two standard deviations above the mean. Serum CEA levels were measured in 86(More)
Aldose reductase (AR) messenger RNA concentration was determined in normal rat lens and in lens from rats fed a 50% galactose diet over a period of 20 days. The AR mRNA was detected by using a previously described AR cDNA clone. The relative concentration of the AR mRNA was estimated by cpm of 35S-UTP labeled antisense RNA hybridized to dot-blots prepared(More)
An antibody-sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for evaluating tissue levels of aldose reductase was developed using a polyclonal antibody prepared against the recombinant enzyme expressed in a baculovirus system. The specificity of this antibody to aldose reductase was verified by immunoprecipitation, immunoblotting and ELISA. The polyclonal(More)
Aldose reductase (alditol:NAD(P)+ 1-oxidoreductase), an enzyme implicated in the pathogenesis of various diabetic complications, catalyzes the reduction of a variety of aldehydes. From a mouse kidney library, we isolated aldose reductase cDNA that encodes a 316-amino-acid protein with approximately 97% identity to rat lens aldose reductase, approximately(More)
This two-site immunoassay measures erythrocyte aldose reductase by using monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies to recombinant human enzyme. Total incubation time is 2.5 h, and the limit of detection is < 0.05 microgram/L. Analytical recovery tested with blood samples from healthy and diabetic individuals was 101-106%. Average CVs within and between assays(More)
Aldose reductase (AR; E.C. 1. 1. 1. 21) has been implicated in a variety of diabetic complications. To investigate the expression of this enzyme in target tissues susceptible to such complications, mRNA encoding AR was characterized by Northern blot hybridization in various tissues and cultured cell preparations. The size of mRNA for AR (approximately 1500(More)
Amino acid substitutions of human interleukin-6 (IL-6) were performed. Single substitution Met162----Ala and double substitutions Leu159.166----Val resulted in a significant decrease of IL-6 activity in the production of immunoglobulin (Ig) from B-cells. Single substitution Leu166----Val or Leu159----Val gave a slight or no significant decrease in the(More)
Aldose reductase (EC 1.1.1.21) has been implicated in a variety of diabetic complications. Here we present the first primary sequence data for the rat lens enzyme, obtained by amino acid and cDNA analysis. We have found structural similarities with another NADPH-dependent oxidoreductase: human liver aldehyde reductase (EC 1.1.1.2). The identity between(More)