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In this work, we examined the functions of the female hormone "estrogen" on spermatogenesis of the Japanese eel (Anguilla japonica). Estradiol-17beta (E(2)), a natural estrogen in vertebrates, was present in the serum and its receptor was expressed in the testis during the whole process of spermatogenesis. Spermatogonial stem cell renewal was promoted by(More)
We have identified an enhancer responsible for induction by 3-methylcholanthrene in the upstream region of the CYP1A2 gene. The enhancer does not contain the invariant core sequence of XREs that are binding sites for the Ah receptor (AhR) and Arnt heterodimer. The enhancer did not show any inducible expression in Hepa-1-derived cell lines, C4 and C12,(More)
In higher vertebrates, considerable progress has been made in understanding the endocrine regulation of puberty; however, in teleosts, the regulatory mechanisms of spermatogenesis during the first annual cycle remain unclear. The present study was conducted to understand the regulatory mechanisms of spermatogenesis throughout the different stages of the(More)
Genes encoding spermatogenesis-related substance (eSRSs) show unique expression patterns during spermatogenesis. To analyze their function, we developed a new assay system using gene transfer techniques combined with coculture of the eel germ-somatic cells. First, we investigated the efficacy of in vitro electroporation transfer of gene into germ-somatic(More)
Endocrine disrupters have been recognized to interfere with endocrine systems that regulate reproduction, for example, by mimicking or inhibiting the action of endogenous sex steroid hormones including estradiol-17beta (E2). In the present study, we examined the effect of an endocrine disrupter, para-nonylphenol (p-NP) on spermatogenesis, and compared it(More)
We have investigated inhibitory mechanisms of hypoxic activation of HIF-1alpha by nitric oxide (NO). Using a Hep3B cell-derived cell line, HRE7 cells, we found that the inhibition of HIF-1alpha activity by NO requires a substantial amount of oxygen, albeit at a lower level. We further investigated the effect of NO on the binding activity of the von(More)
A single injection of human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) can induce complete spermatogenesis in immature eel testes consisting of premitotic spermatogonia. To understand the regulatory mechanisms of spermatogenesis, we have applied a subtractive hybridization method to identify genes in which changes in expression occur after HCG treatment in vivo. The(More)
In the cultivated male Japanese eel, spermatogonia are the only germ cells present in the testis. Weekly injections of human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) can induce complete spermatogenesis from proliferation of spermatogonia to spermiogenesis. In some cases, however, HCG injection fails to induce complete spermatogenesis. Testicular morphological(More)
This study investigated a new effective method for controlling the capsalid monogenean Neobenedenia girellae. We examined in vitro and in vivo the effect on the percentage survival of N. girellae in buffers containing different metallic ions. Decreased survival was observed in buffer solutions lacking two ions. In particular, the percentage survival of N.(More)
In this study, we examined the in vitro effects of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) in the presence or absence of 11-ketotestosterone (11-KT: the spermatogenesis-inducing hormone) on the proliferation of Japanese eel (Anguilla japonica) testicular germ cells. Initially, a short-term culture (15 days) of testicular tissue with only type A and early type(More)