Chiraz Hamimi

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How HIV controllers (HICs) maintain undetectable viremia without therapy is unknown. The strong CD8(+) T-cell HIV suppressive capacity found in many, but not all, HICs may contribute to long-lasting viral control. However, other earlier defense mechanisms may be involved. Here, we examined intrinsic HIC cell resistance to HIV-1 infection. After in vitro(More)
BACKGROUND Control of HIV is suggested to depend on potent effector functions of the virus-specific CD8(+) T-cell response. Antigen opsonization can modulate the capture of antigen, its presentation, and the priming of specific CD8(+) T-cell responses. OBJECTIVE We have previously shown that opsonization of retroviruses acts as an endogenous adjuvant for(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the potential for combination antiretroviral therapy (cART)-free remission following analytic treatment interruption (ATI) in chronically HIV-infected patients with ultralow cell-associated DNA. METHODS Pilot study of patients (pts) with plasma viral load (pVL) less than 50 copies/ml for more than 2 years on cART, CD4 above 500(More)
The human neuroblastoma cell line SKNBE can be differentiated either by serum removal or by adding to the culture medium different morphogens, for instance, retinoic acid (RA), cyclic AMP derivatives, and phorbol esters. Both the differentiated and undifferentiated cells express the two types of membrane tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptors (TNFRs) of 55(More)
UNLABELLED The spontaneous control of human and simian immunodeficiency viruses (HIV/SIV) is typically associated with specific major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I alleles and efficient CD8(+) T-cell responses, but many controllers maintain viral control despite a nonprotective MHC background and weak CD8(+) T-cell responses. Therefore, the(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Some individuals are able to control HIV infection (either viral replication or chronic immune activation) in the absence of therapy. We will consider recent insights into the mechanisms underlying control in these patients and how this has already encouraged the search for therapeutic approaches to induce a similar HIV functional cure in(More)
HIV controllers (HICs), rare HIV-1 infected individuals able to control viral replication without antiretroviral therapy, are characterized by an efficient polyfunctional and cytolytic HIV-specific CD8+ T cell response. The mechanisms underlying the induction and maintenance of such response in many HICs despite controlled viremia are not clear. Dendritic(More)
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