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BACKGROUND In recent years there has been a growing appreciation of the issues of quality of life and stresses involved medical training as this may affect their learning and academic performance. However, such studies are lacking in medical schools of Nepal. Therefore, we carried out this study to assess the prevalence of psychological morbidity, sources(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Among hospital-acquired infections, pneumonia is considered to be the leading cause of death mainly in patients with mechanical ventilation in intensive care units (ICUs). The present study was undertaken to estimate the occurrence of hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) as well as ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) along with the(More)
Intestinal parasitic infestation continues to be of public health importance in many tropical and subtropical countries for their high prevalence and effects on the morbidity in the population. This 5-year hospital-based retrospective analysis was aimed to find out the intestinal protozoal parasitic profile in 1790 pre-school and school-going children(More)
A prospective study was done to determine the clinico-microbiological profile and the antibiogram of patients with chronic suppurative otitis media. Ninety-four patients presenting with tympanic perforation and ear discharge of more than 3 months were studied. Middle ear swabs obtained aseptically were processed for culture and the isolates identified by(More)
Unlike acute diarrhea, the role of pathogens in persistent diarrhea in children in Nepal is unclear. Protozoal parasites are suspected to be a major cause. The study was carried out to find the association between protozoal agents and persistent diarrhea in children below age 5 years from western Nepal. Stool samples were collected from 253 children with(More)
Enteric fever is endemic in this part of the world, and Widal test is one of the time-honored laboratory tests that are being used for years to diagnose the disease. On the other hand, melioidosis is a newly emerging disease from this region, which is most often misdiagnosed or underdiagnosed by clinicians. It is well accepted that false-positive Widal(More)
BACKGROUND Burkholderia pseudomallei, a Tier 1 Select Agent and the cause of melioidosis, is a Gram-negative bacillus present in the environment in many tropical countries. Defining the global pattern of B. pseudomallei distribution underpins efforts to prevent infection, and is dependent upon robust environmental sampling methodology. Our objective was to(More)
Melioidosis is a severe disease that can be difficult to diagnose because of its diverse clinical manifestations and a lack of adequate diagnostic capabilities for suspected cases. There is broad interest in improving detection and diagnosis of this disease not only in melioidosis-endemic regions but also outside these regions because melioidosis may be(More)
Although there are ever increasing reports of extraintestinal human infections caused by Aeromonads, in both immunocompromised and immunocompetent patients, respiratory tract infections remain uncommon. We describe a case of aspiration pneumonia in an immunocompetent patient with multiple sclerosis, caused by a community acquired, multidrug resistant strain(More)
BACKGROUND The presence of granuloma, visualized in histopathology for diagnosing tuberculosis in tissue samples, is not a specific finding. Moreover, histopathological examination of tissue sections needs one to two weeks for final reporting. A rapid and sensitive method is therefore needed for detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in these(More)