Chiou-Huey Wang

Learn More
Streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxin B (SPE B), a cysteine protease, is an important virulence factor in group A streptococcal (GAS) infection. The reduction of phagocytic activity by SPE B may help prevent bacteria from being ingested. In this study, we investigated the mechanism SPE B uses to enable bacteria to resist opsonophagocytosis. Using Western(More)
Intragastric inoculation of mice with Klebsiella pneumoniae can cause liver abscesses, necrosis of liver tissues, and bacteremia. A newly isolated phage (φNK5) with lytic activity for K. pneumoniae was used to treat K. pneumoniae infection in an intragastric model. Both intraperitoneal and intragastric administration of a single dose of φNK5 lower than 2 ×(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play pivotal roles in the innate immune system and control inflammatory responses and adaptive immunity. We previously evaluated associations between TLR7 and TLR8 gene SNPs and susceptibility to hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Our results suggested that TLR7IVS2-151G and TLR8-129G alleles were present at higher frequency in(More)
Recent studies have suggested that Chlamydia pneumoniae infection is an important factor in the development of atherosclerosis. The C(-260)-->T polymorphism in the CD14 promoter gene has been reported to regulate the density of CD14 expression on monocytes for the activation of monocytes to secrete inflammatory cytokines by lipopolysaccharide. We(More)
Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a worldwide threat to public health. Toll-like receptor 8 (TLR8) is critical for eliminating RNA viruses, and variation within the TLR8 gene may alter the function of TLR8 in response to HCV infection. Our previous study demonstrated that the TLR8-129G>C (rs3764879) and TLR8+1G>A (rs3764880) variants were in(More)
This study aims to understand the effect of ten-week passive repetitive plyometric (PRP) training on human skeletal muscle and the application of PRP training for performance. Vastus lateralis of nine candidates were aspirated before (pre) and after (post) PRP training. Histochemical approaches with regular hematoxylene-eosin (HE) and Mallory's(More)
Biliary atresia (BA) is a typical cholestatic neonatal disease, characterized by obliteration of intra- and/or extra-hepatic bile ducts. However, the mechanisms contributing to the pathogenesis of BA remain uncertain. Because of decreased bile flow, infectious complications and damaging endotoxemia occur frequently in patients with BA. The aim of this study(More)
Cholestasis is frequently related to endotoxemia and inflammatory response. Our previous investigation revealed a significant increase in plasma endotoxin and CD14 levels during biliary atresia. We therefore propose that lipopolysacharides (LPS) may stimulate CD14 production in liver cells and promote the removal of endotoxins. The aims of this study are to(More)
The C (-260) --> T polymorphism has been reported to regulate CD14 gene expression. It has also been implicated in atherosclerotic diseases, and in addition, it could be a genetic factor responsible for interindividual differences in the susceptibility to Chlamydia pneumoniae infection. This case-control study is aimed at evaluating the association between(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) has recently re-emerged as a major global public health threat and Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) is a highly successful pathogen that evolved remarkable strategies to establish persistent infection. There is strong evidence that host genetic factors influence individual susceptibility to TB. In this study, we evaluated the associations(More)