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Epidemiological and laboratory studies suggest that nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs reduce the risk of colon cancer and that the inhibition of colon carcinogenesis is mediated through modulation of prostaglandin production by cyclooxygenase (COX) isozymes (COX-1 and -2). Overexpression of COX-2 has been observed in colon tumors; therefore, specific(More)
factors may not always be possible; however, as an alternative ap proach, the agents for alleviating the carcinogenic effect of several of these substances have been identified and tested for their chemopre ventive action (5). Wattenberg (5), Boone et a!. (6), and Kelloff et a!. (7) reviewed the results of many chemoprevention studies in laboratory animal(More)
Curcumin, derived from the rhizome of Curcuma longa L. and having both antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, inhibits chemically induced carcinogenesis in the skin, forestomach, and colon when it is administered during initiation and/or postinitiation stages. This study was designed to investigate the chemopreventive action of curcumin when it is(More)
A compromised spindle checkpoint is thought to play a key role in genetic instability that predisposes cells to malignant transformation. Loss of function mutations of BubR1, an important component of the spindle checkpoint, have been detected in human cancers. Here we show that BubR1(+/-) mouse embryonic fibroblasts are defective in spindle checkpoint(More)
Colon cancer is the second most lethal cancer; approximately 600,000 people die of it annually in the world. Colon carcinogenesis generally follows a slow and stepwise process of accumulation of mutations under the influence of environmental and epigenetic factors. To adopt a personalized (tailored) cancer therapy approach and to improve current strategies(More)
Aneuploidy is defined as numerical abnormalities of chromosomes and is frequently (>90%) present in solid tumors. In general, tumor cells become increasingly aneuploid with tumor progression. It has been proposed that enhanced genomic instability at least contributes significantly to, if not requires, tumor progression. Two major modes for genomic(More)
The chemopreventive action of 40 and 80% maximum tolerated dose (MTD) levels of piroxicam, D,L-alpha-difluoromethylornithine (DMFO), 16 alpha-fluoro-5-androsten-17-one (DHEA analogue 8354), and ellagic acid (EA) administered in diet individually and in combination before and during initiation and postinitiation phases of azoxymethane-induced neoplasia of(More)
Epidemiological observations and laboratory research have suggested that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) reduce the risk of colon cancer and that the inhibition of colon carcinogenesis by NSAIDs is mediated through the modulation of prostaglandin production by rate-limiting enzymes known as cyclooxygenases (COXs). Because traditional NSAIDs(More)
Epidemiological studies have linked consumption of broccoli to a reduced risk of colon cancer in individuals with the glutathione S-transferase M1 (GSTM1) null genotype. GSTs are involved in excretion and elimination of isothiocyanates (ITCs), which are major constituents of broccoli and other cruciferous vegetables and have cancer chemopreventive(More)
Pancreatic cancer is an exceptionally aggressive disease in great need of more effective therapeutic options. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a key role in cancer invasion and metastasis, and there is a gain of stem cell properties during EMT. Here we report increased expression of the putative pancreatic stem cell marker DCAMKL-1 in an(More)