Chinmay G. Shukla

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The pharmacokinetics of methotrexate (MTX) in rabbit's skin and plasma after iv-bolus and iontophoretic delivery at different current densities was studied. Linear microdialysis probes were introduced into the upper dorsal shaved skin of tranquilized rabbits. Commercially available patches were used to deliver MTX for 1 h at different current densities(More)
This paper summarises the proceedings of a recent workshop which brought together pharmaceutical scientists and dermatologists from academia, industry and regulatory agencies to discuss current regulatory issues and industry practices for establishing therapeutic bioequivalence (BE) of dermatologic topical products. The methods currently available for(More)
The concepts, importance, and implications of bioanalytical method validation has been discussed and debated for a long time. The recent high profile issues related to bioanalytical method validation at both Cetero Houston and former MDS Canada has brought this topic back in the limelight. Hence, a symposium on bioanalytical method validation with the aim(More)
Dermatologic diseases can present in varying forms and severity, ranging from the individual lesion and up to almost total skin involvement. Pharmacokinetic assessment of topical drug products has previously been plagued by bioanalytical assay limitations and the lack of a standardized study design. Since the mid-1990's the US Food and Drug Administration(More)
BACKGROUND Amitriptyline (AMT) is a tricyclic antidepressant with demonstrated local analgesic effects in human skin. AIM We investigated the feasibility and mechanisms of iontophoretic delivery of AMT to rabbit dermis and plasma. METHOD Two microdialysis probes were inserted into the upper dorsal shaved skin of tranquilized rabbits. After 1 hour, an(More)
The benefits of transdermal delivery over the oral route to combat such issues of low bioavailability and limited controlled release opportunities are well known and have been previously discussed by many in the field (Prausnitz et al. (2004) [1]; Hadgraft and Lane (2006) [2]). However, significant challenges faced by developers as a product moves from the(More)
Systemic bioavailability is usually determined from plasma data. However, when plasma is difficult to access, as in young children, alternative methods would be particularly beneficial. The present study investigates the possibility of calculating systemic bioavailability fraction (F) from skin concentrations measured by two microdialysis (MD) sampling(More)
The purpose of this project was to develop and validate a pharmacokinetic model and to quantify the rate and extent of distribution between plasma and skin of two beta-lactam antibiotics, amoxicillin (AMX) and cefuroxime (CFX), which are frequently administered systemically to treat skin and skin structure infections. Dosing regimens are usually based on(More)
The objective was to quantify acyclovir (ACV) exposure in the dermis following iontophoresis of nontraditional (pH-11 gels) and traditional (neutral cream) topical formulations of ACV. Given that the application time of a formulation on the skin can be significantly reduced with iontophoresis, the use of formulations optimized for iontophoretic delivery was(More)
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