Chinh T. Dao

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T cell hybridomas isolated from nonresponder H-2(b) mice immunized with pork insulin were stimulated by insulin in the presence of major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-unmatched antigen presenting cells. The restriction element used by these CD4(-) T cells was mapped to an oligomorphic MHC class Ib protein encoded in the T region and identified as Qa-1(b)(More)
ISG15 was the first ubiquitin-like modifier to be identified. However, the function of ISG15 modification has been an enigma for many years. At present, no data are available about the function of ISGylation for any target. In this paper, we report the identification of Ubc13, which forms a unique ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme (Ubc) complex with ubiquitin(More)
ISG15 is a 17 kDa protein encoded by an interferon stimulated gene. Described in 1979, it was the first ubiquitin-like modifier to be identified, and its discovery followed the first reports of ubiquitin by only four years. While many important functions for ubiquitin have been reported, the functions for ISG15 and its conjugation are still largely unknown.(More)
Major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-encoded glycoproteins bind peptide antigens through non-covalent interactions to generate complexes that are displayed on the surface of antigen-presenting cells (APC) for recognition by T cells. Peptide-binding site occupancy is necessary for stable assembly of newly synthesized MHC proteins and export from the(More)
Kinases are important drug discovery targets for a wide variety of therapeutic indications; consequently, the measurement of kinase activity remains a common high-throughput screening (HTS) application. Recently, enzyme-coupled luciferase-kinase (LK) format assays have been introduced. This format measures luminescence resulting from metabolism of adenosine(More)
Multimers of soluble major histocompatibility complex class I and II molecules have proven to be useful reagents in quantifying and following specific T cell populations. This study describes the design, generation, and characterization of a novel, single chain I-A(b) molecule which utilizes a unique linker derived from the murine invariant chain. A(More)
We report the creation of TCR partial agonists by the novel approach of manipulating the interaction between immunogenic peptide and MHC. Amino acids at MHC anchor positions of the I-E(k)-restricted hemoglobin (64-76) and moth cytochrome c (88-103) peptides were exchanged with MHC anchor residues from the low affinity class II invariant chain peptide(More)
HLA-DM catalyzes peptide loading and exchange reactions by MHC class II molecules. Soluble recombinant DM, lacking transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains, was observed to have 200- to 400-fold less activity compared with the full-length protein in assays measuring DM-catalyzed peptide dissociation from purified HLA-DR1 in detergent solutions. Additional(More)
The MHC class II antigen processing pathway provides a mechanism to selectively present peptides generated in the endosomal compartments of antigen presenting cells to CD4+ T cells. Transport of newly synthesized class II molecules to the endosomal pathway requires the function of an accessory protein, invariant chain, which contains a region that interacts(More)
Interferon-stimulated gene 15 (ISG15) is a ubiquitin-like modifier that forms conjugates with target protein substrates. As its name suggests, its expression and conjugation to other proteins are highly regulated by interferon (IFN). It was recently demonstrated that ISG15 expression, ISG15 conjugation, and several enzymes involved in ISG15 modification are(More)