Ching-Yi Tsai

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As the origin of a 'life-and-death' signal that reflects central cardiovascular regulatory failure during brain stem death, the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) is a suitable neural substrate for mechanistic delineation of this vital phenomenon. Using a clinically relevant animal model that employed the organophosphate pesticide mevinphos (Mev) as the(More)
BACKGROUND Status epilepticus (SE) is an acute, prolonged epileptic crisis with a mortality rate of 20-30%; the underlying mechanism is not completely understood. We assessed the hypothesis that brain stem cardiovascular dysregulation occurs during SE because of oxidative stress in rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM), a key nucleus of the baroreflex loop;(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to determine the cytotoxic effects of three different kinds of orthodontic adhesive on a human primary gingival fibroblast culture (GF) and a human oral cancer-cell line (OC2). The adhesives comprised a self-cure bonding resin, a light-cure bonding resin, and a hybrid glass ionomer. Any differences between the cytotoxic(More)
As the origin of a life-and-death signal that reflects central cardiovascular regulatory failure during brain stem death, the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) is a suitable neural substrate to delineate the cellular mechanisms of this fateful phenomenon. Based on a clinically relevant animal model that used the organophosphate pesticide mevinphos (Mev)(More)
BACKGROUND One aspect of brain death is cardiovascular deregulation because asystole invariably occurs shortly after its diagnosis. A suitable neural substrate for mechanistic delineation of this aspect of brain death resides in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM). RVLM is the origin of a life-and-death signal that our laboratory detected from blood(More)
A clinical hallmark of hypertension is impairment of the cardiac vagal baroreflex, which maintains stable blood pressure and heart rate under physiological conditions. There is also evidence that oxidative stress in the brain is associated with neurogenic hypertension. We tested the hypothesis that an augmented superoxide level in the nucleus tractus(More)
FLJ10540, originally identified as a microtubule-associated protein, induces cell proliferation and migration during tumorigenesis via the formation of FLJ10540-PI3K complex and enhancement of PI3K kinase activity. Interestingly, activation of PI3K/Akt cascade, leading to upregulation of nitric oxide synthase II (NOS II)/peroxynitrite signaling in the(More)
As the most widely used pesticides in the globe, the organophosphate compounds are understandably linked with the highest incidence of suicidal poisoning. Whereas the elicited toxicity is often associated with circulatory depression, the underlying mechanisms require further delineation. Employing the pesticide mevinphos as our experimental tool, we(More)
Our current understanding on brain death remains limited despite its clinical importance. This study evaluated whether the proteome expressed in the rat rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM), a neural substrate that our laboratory identified previously to be intimately related to brain death, is uniquely different from other brain areas, using the cerebral(More)
IEEE 802.11 wireless network supports multiple link rates at the physical layer. Each link rate is associated with a certain required Signal-to-Interference-and-Noise Ratio (SINR) threshold for successfully decoding received packets. On transmission failures, the 802.11 DCF performs a binary exponential backoff mechanism to discourage channel access(More)