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The development of molecular genotyping techniques makes it possible to analyze quantitative traits on the basis of individual loci. With marker information, the classical theory of estimating the genetic covariance between relatives can be reformulated to improve the accuracy of estimation. In this study, an algorithm was derived for computing the… (More)
This article discusses and compares various methods for defining and measuring radical stability, including the familiar radical stabilization energy (RSE), along with some lesser-known alternatives based on corrected carbon-carbon bond energies, and more direct measures of the extent of radical delocalisation. As part of this work, a large set of R-H,… (More)
Advances in theory and algorithms for electronic structure calculations must be incorporated into program packages to enable them to become routinely used by the broader chemical community. This work reviews advances made over the past five years or so that constitute the major improvements contained in a new release of the Q-Chem quantum chemistry package,… (More)
Single-trait and multitrait (2-, 3-, 4-, and 5-trait) restricted maximum likelihood methods were applied to the same set of data with complete information on all traits. Results suggest that parameter estimates from a data set vary depending upon the type of analysis (single- or multitrait model) and upon the other traits included in multitrait analysis.… (More)
Competitive kinetic experiments utilising free radical carbonylation chemistry provide a first estimate for the rate constant for 6-endo cyclization of the 6-aza-7-ethyl-5-hexenoyl radical of (4.8 +/- 2.4) x 10(6) s(-1) at 90 degrees C in benzene, in good agreement with ONIOM-G3(MP2)-CC+COSMO-RS calculations (6.8 x 10(6) s(-1)).
Serious (up to 87 kJ mol(-1)) systematic DFT errors in a series of isodesmic reactions are found to be due to the DFT exchange component, and can be largely corrected by substitution of the DFT exchange energy with the Fock exchange energy.
The eigenvectors of the additive genetic random regression covariance (K) matrix contribute differentially to different parts of the lactation curve in response to genetic selection. It is, therefore, important to examine the genetic response patterns from the individual eigenvectors of the matrix K for the modification of the shape of the lactation curve.… (More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships of the eigenvectors of the additive genetic random regression coefficient matrix (K) to selection responses and to determine how many eigenvectors are necessary in the breeding goal to explain the variation. The construction of various eigenvector indexes was based on the K matrix estimated from… (More)
Accurate G3(MP2)-RAD calculations are used to predict 264 R-H, R-CH3, R-Cl and R-R bond dissociation energies for a wide-ranging test set of carbon and non-carbon centred R˙ radicals. The data are used to calculate a set of inherent and transferrable radical stabilization energies, denoted RSEEt, which ranks the inherent stability of the 66 radicals studied… (More)
We present a new systematic algorithm, energy-directed tree search (EDTS), for exploring the conformational space of molecules. The algorithm has been designed to reliably locate the global minimum (or, in the worst case, a structure within 4 kJ mol(-1) of this species) at a fraction of the cost of a full conformational search, and in this way extend the… (More)