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Reading in a second language (L2) is a complex task that entails an interaction between L2 and the native language (L1). To study the underlying mechanisms, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to visualize Chinese-English bilinguals' brain activity in phonological processing of logographic Chinese and alphabetic English, two written(More)
The accurate detection of deception or lying is a challenge to experts in many scientific disciplines. To investigate if specific cerebral activation characterized feigned memory impairment, six healthy male volunteers underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging with a block-design paradigm while they performed forced-choice memory tasks involving both(More)
The changes in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) associated with the changes in neuronal activity are routinely measured both by positron emission tomography (PET) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) techniques. However, direct comparison has not been performed to determine similarities and differences of PET and fMRI techniques in(More)
Event-related functional MRI (ER-fMRI) based on both blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) contrast and cerebral blood flow (CBF) contrast has been developed to study the human brain response to transient stimulation. A balloon model has been developed and used in understanding the relationship between changes in CBF and in the BOLD signal in(More)
To detect perfusion abnormalities in areas of high magnetic susceptibility in the brain, an arterial spin-labeling MRI technique utilizing flow-sensitive alternating inversion recovery (FAIR) and half-Fourier single shot turbo spin-echo (HASTE) for spin preparation and image acquisition, respectively, was developed. It was initially tested in a functional(More)
Converging lines of research in neuroimaging recognize selection as one of the critical functions of prefrontal cortex (e.g., see Annu. Rev. Neurosci. 24, 2001 167). We examined a central thesis of a selection hypothesis (Neuropsychologia 41, 2003 280) that the left inferior frontal gyrus (LIFG) serves as a general mechanism for selecting among competing(More)
To identify the specific frontal and cingulate regions involved in response inhibition, five Chinese right-handed male volunteers with an attention span reaching or exceeding a 7-digit level participated in this blocked design functional magnetic resonance imaging study. Each block represented one of the two experimental conditions, the Correct Matching or(More)
Comparative functional neuroimaging studies using the block design paradigm have previously demonstrated that there are no significant differences in the location of areas of cerebral activation when native Chinese speakers independently process single words or sentences in both the Chinese (first) and English (second) languages. While it has also been(More)
Dynamic changes in the cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO(2)) and oxygen extraction ratio (OER) in an event-related functional MRI (ER-fMRI) were measured in this study. Six subjects participated in this study at a magnetic field of 1.9 T. Cerebral blood flow (CBF) and blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) changes were acquired during the brief(More)