Ching-Jiunn Tseng

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Perturbation in E-cadherin expression leads to loss of cellular adhesion with possible consequence of cellular transformation and tumor progression. The aims of this study were to determine E-cadherin expression in each subtype of gastric cancer classified by different classification systems, and to investigate the role of E-cadherin in cell(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Recent evidence has suggested that nicotine decreases blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS), indicating that nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) play an important role in BP control in the NTS. However, the signalling mechanisms involved in nAChR-mediated depressor effects in the NTS are(More)
Carbon monoxide (CO) has been identified as an endogenous biological messenger in the brain. Heme oxygenase (HO) catalyzes the metabolism of heme to CO and biliverdin. Previously, we have shown the involvement of CO in central cardiovascular regulation, baroreflex modulation, and glutaminergic neuro-transmission in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) of(More)
Pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) is expressed in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) of the brainstem, where nitric oxide (NO) plays an important role in cardiovascular regulation. The POMC-derived neuropeptides and their receptors are important regulators of energy homeostasis and cardiovascular functions in the central nervous system. In this study, we(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Oxidative stress is an important pathogenic factor in the development of hypertension. Resveratrol, the main antioxidant in red wine, improves NO bioavailability and prevents cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to examine whether resveratrol decreases the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), thereby reducing BP(More)
Water ingestion induces a pressor effect in patients with efferent baroreflex impairment and a mild pressor effect in elderly healthy subjects. However, water raised the total peripheral vascular resistance (TPR) without a prominent change in blood pressure in young healthy subjects. We try to investigate whether water elicits a cardiovascular response via(More)
Recent clinical studies found that fructose intake leads to insulin resistance and hypertension. Fructose consumption promotes protein fructosylation and formation of superoxide. In a previous study, we revealed that inhibition of superoxide production in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) reduces blood pressure. Caffeine displays significant antioxidant(More)
Carbon monoxide has been shown to act as a neurotransmitter and neuronal messenger in the brain. Heme oxygenase catalyzes the conversion of heme to carbon monoxide and biliverdin. We have recently reported that carbon monoxide was involved in central cardiovascular regulation. Carbon monoxide modulated the baroreflex and may affect glutamatergic(More)
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is characterized by progressive increases in vascular resistance and the remodeling of pulmonary arteries. The accumulation of inflammatory cells in the lung and elevated levels of inflammatory cytokines in the bloodstream suggest that inflammation may play a role in PAH. In this study, the benefits of induced(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether the use of a paclitaxel-coated balloon (PCB) improves patency in patients undergoing percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) for recurrent juxtaanastomotic stenosis of radiocephalic arteriovenous fistulas (RCAVFs). MATERIAL AND METHODS This prospective study recruited hemodialysis patients with two short (< 2 cm) and(More)