Ching-Jiunn Tseng

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It is known that enrichment of glutamatergic transmission in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) plays an important role in central cardiovascular regulation. Our previous study demonstrated that nicotine decreased blood pressure and heart rate in the NTS probably acting via the nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs)-Ca²⁺-calmodulin-eNOS-NO signaling(More)
BACKGROUND Previously, we have shown that nitric oxide (NO) plays a significant role in central cardiovascular regulation and modulates the baroreflex in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) of rats. NO production is mediated by activation of NO synthase (NOS). Insulin signaling was involved in controlling peripheral blood pressure via the activation of(More)
Carbon monoxide has been shown to act as a neurotransmitter and neuronal messenger in the brain. Heme oxygenase catalyzes the conversion of heme to carbon monoxide and biliverdin. We have recently reported that carbon monoxide was involved in central cardiovascular regulation. Carbon monoxide modulated the baroreflex and may affect glutamatergic(More)
Neuronal cell death and the failure of axonal regeneration cause a permanent functional deficit following spinal cord injury (SCI). Administration of recombinant glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) has previously been reported to rescue neurons following severe SCI, resulting in improved hindlimb locomotion in rats. In this study, thus, GDNF(More)
Carbon monoxide (CO) has been identified as an endogenous biological messenger in the brain. Heme oxygenase catalyzes the metabolism of heme to biliverdin and CO. Recent studies have demonstrated that CO is involved in central cardiovascular regulation and modulates the baroreflex in the nucleus tractus solitarii of rats. The purpose of the present study(More)
Carbon monoxide has been identified as an endogenous biological messenger in the brain. Heme oxygenase catalyzes the metabolism of heme to carbon monoxide and biliverdin. Previously, we have shown the involvement of carbon monoxide in central cardiovascular regulation, baroreflex modulation, and glutamatergic neurotransmission in the nucleus tractus(More)
I n humans, the intake of sugar-sweetened beverages is correlated with the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus and obesity. 1 High fructose intake is used as a well-established animal model for insulin resistance. 2 Some studies have shown that chronic fructose intake in normal rats induces hyperten-sion in association with insulin resistance. 2,3(More)
BACKGROUND The nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) is the primary integrative center for baroreflex. Adenosine has been shown to play an important modulatory role in blood pressure control in the NTS. Our previous results demonstrated that adenosine decreases blood pressure, heart rate, and renal sympathetic nerve activity and modulates baroreflex responses in(More)
Effects of dopaminergic D1 (DAD1) and D2 (DAD2) receptors were examined in the sensitization of amphetamine (AMPH)-suppressed schedule-induced polydipsia (SIP). After training under a fixed-interval 60 sec schedule of food presentation in the presence of a water tube, rats received injections of different doses of AMPH 10 min prior to the test. It was found(More)
BACKGROUND Bilateral lesions of nucleus tractus solitarii in rat result in acute hypertension, pulmonary edema, and death within hours. The hypertension results from excessive catecholamine release. Catecholamine can activate connexin43 to regulate cell death. There is no study investigating the cardiopulmonary impacts of different adrenergic blockers and(More)