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Water ingestion induces a pressor effect in patients with efferent baroreflex impairment and a mild pressor effect in elderly healthy subjects. However, water raised the total peripheral vascular resistance (TPR) without a prominent change in blood pressure in young healthy subjects. We try to investigate whether water elicits a cardiovascular response via(More)
Carbon monoxide (CO) has been identified as an endogenous biological messenger in the brain. Heme oxygenase (HO) catalyzes the metabolism of heme to CO and biliverdin. Previously, we have shown the involvement of CO in central cardiovascular regulation, baroreflex modulation, and glutaminergic neuro-transmission in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) of(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether the use of a paclitaxel-coated balloon (PCB) improves patency in patients undergoing percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) for recurrent juxtaanastomotic stenosis of radiocephalic arteriovenous fistulas (RCAVFs). MATERIAL AND METHODS This prospective study recruited hemodialysis patients with two short (< 2 cm) and(More)
Perturbation in E-cadherin expression leads to loss of cellular adhesion with possible consequence of cellular transformation and tumor progression. The aims of this study were to determine E-cadherin expression in each subtype of gastric cancer classified by different classification systems, and to investigate the role of E-cadherin in cell(More)
BACKGROUND Annexin-A7 (ANXA7) exhibits biological and genetic properties expected of a tumor suppressor gene and may play a role in cancer progression. However, the ANXA7 expression in different histological subtypes of gastric adenocarcinomas and its correlation with invasive potentials has not been elucidated. METHODS Immunohistochemical staining of(More)
Aberrant Wnt signaling appears to play an important role in the onset of diabetes. Moreover, the insulin signaling pathway is defective in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) and fructose-fed rats. Nevertheless, the relationships between Wnt signaling and the insulin pathway and the related modulation of blood(More)
RATIONALE Angiotensin (Ang) II exerts diverse physiological actions in both the peripheral and central neural systems. It was reported that the activity of Ang II is higher in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) and that angiotensin type-1 receptors are colocalized with NAD(P)H oxidase in the neurons of the NTS,(More)
Pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) is expressed in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) of the brainstem, where nitric oxide (NO) plays an important role in cardiovascular regulation. The POMC-derived neuropeptides and their receptors are important regulators of energy homeostasis and cardiovascular functions in the central nervous system. In this study, we(More)
BACKGROUND The nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) is the primary integrative center for baroreflex. Adenosine has been shown to play an important modulatory role in blood pressure control in the NTS. Our previous results demonstrated that adenosine decreases blood pressure, heart rate, and renal sympathetic nerve activity and modulates baroreflex responses in(More)
BACKGROUND Previously, we have shown that nitric oxide (NO) plays a significant role in central cardiovascular regulation and modulates the baroreflex in the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) of rats. NO production is mediated by activation of NO synthase (NOS). Insulin signaling was involved in controlling peripheral blood pressure via the activation of(More)