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—This paper proposes a recurrent fuzzy neural network (RFNN) structure for identifying and controlling nonlinear dynamic systems. The RFNN is inherently a recurrent multilayered connectionist network for realizing fuzzy inference using dynamic fuzzy rules. Temporal relations are embedded in the network by adding feedback connections in the second layer of(More)
— This paper proposes a new intelligent scheme using type-2 fuzzy inference system in neural network structure. This type-2 fuzzy neural network system (type-2 FNN) combines the advantages of type-2 fuzzy logic systems (FLSs) and neural networks (NNs). The general FNN system (called type-1 FNN system) has the properties of parallel computation scheme, easy(More)
In this paper, we propose a design method of fractional order PID controller via hybrid of electromagnetism-like (EM) algorithm and genetic algorithm (GA). The hybrid algorithm improves the performance of EM algorithm by using GA, called IEMGA. The main modification is that the randomly neighborhood local search is changed by genetic algorithm for designing(More)
This paper proposes a novel intelligent control scheme using type-2 fuzzy neural network type-2 FNN system. The control scheme is developed using a type-2 FNN controller and an adaptive compensator. The type-2 FNN combines the type-2 fuzzy logic system FLS , neural network, and its learning algorithm using the optimal learning algorithm. The properties of(More)
Vacuolar H(+)-pyrophosphatase (V-PPase; EC plays a significant role in the maintenance of the pH in cytoplasm and vacuoles via proton translocation from the cytosol to the vacuolar lumen at the expense of PP(i) hydrolysis. The topology of V-PPase as predicted by TopPred II suggests that the catalytic site is putatively located in loop e and exposed(More)
H+-translocating pyrophosphatase (H+-PPase; EC drives proton transport against an electrochemical potential gradient by hydrolyzing pyrophosphate (PPi) and is found in various endomembranes of higher plants, bacteria, and some protists. H+-PPase contains seven highly conserved lysines. We examined the functional roles of these lysines, which are,(More)
Homodimeric H(+)-pyrophosphatase (H(+)-PPase; EC is a unique enzyme playing a pivotal physiological role in pH homeostasis of organisms. This novel H(+)-PPase supplies energy at the expense of hydrolyzing metabolic byproduct, pyrophosphate (PP(i)), for H(+) translocation across membrane. The functional unit for the translocation is considered to be(More)
Plant vacuolar H+-translocating inorganic pyrophosphatase (V-PPase EC utilizes inorganic pyrophosphate (PPi) as an energy source to generate a H+ gradient potential for the secondary transport of ions and metabolites across the vacuole membrane. In this study, functional roles of arginine residues in mung bean V-PPase were determined by(More)
—The tracking control problem with saturation constraint for a class of unicycle-modeled mobile robots is formulated and solved using the backstepping technique and the idea from the LaSalle's invariance principle. A global result is presented in which several constraints on the linear and the angular velocities of the mobile robot from recent literature(More)