Ching-Han Yu

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AIMS Studies have reported that redox signaling in the hypothalamus participates in nutrient sensing. The current study aimed to determine if the activation of reactive oxygen species-related enzymes (ROS-RE) in the hypothalamus participates in regulating neuropeptide Y (NPY)-mediated eating. Moreover, possible roles of proopiomelanocortin (POMC) and(More)
Prostate cancer has its highest incidence in the USA and is becoming a major concern in Asian countries. Bufadienolides are extracts of toxic glands from toads and are used as anticancer agents, mainly on leukemia cells. In the present study, the antiproliferative and apoptotic mechanisms of bufalin and cinobufagin on prostate cancer cells were(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Appetite suppression induced by amphetamine has been attributed to its inhibition of neuropeptide Y (NPY) neurons and activation of pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons in the hypothalamus. This study examined whether STAT3 was involved in these actions of amphetamine. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Rats were given amphetamine daily for 4(More)
Recently, we reported that an initial decrease followed by recovery of food intake was observed during four days of amphetamine (AMPH) treatment and suggested that these changes in response were mediated by changes in neuropeptide Y (NPY) and proopiomelanocortin (POMC). Here we investigated if Y1 receptor (Y1R) and/or Y5 receptor (Y5R) might be involved in(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) are involved in regulating anorexia elicited by phenylpropanolamine (PPA), a sympathomimetic drug. This study explored whether NPY Y1 receptor (Y1R) is involved in this process, and a potential role for the proopiomelanocortin system was identified. Rats were given PPA once a day for 4days. Changes in(More)
Agaricus blazei Murill (A. blazei) has been conventionally used as a health food for the prevention of cancer. However, little is known about the direct effects and action mechanisms of A. blazei on human prostate cancer. In the present study, the effects of A. blazei on the growth of human prostate cancer were examined in vitro and in vivo. A. blazei,(More)
Prostate carcinoma is one of the most common malignant tumors and has become a more common cancer in men. Previous studies demonstrated that evodiamine (EVO) exhibited anti-tumor activities on several cancers, but its effects on androgen-independent prostate cancer are unclear. In the present study, the action mechanisms of EVO on the growth of(More)
Hypothalamic neuropeptide Y (NPY) and two immediate early genes, c-fos and c-jun, have been found to be involved in regulating the appetite-suppressing effect of amphetamine (AMPH). The present study investigated whether cerebral catecholamine (CA) might regulate NPY and POMC expression and whether NPY Y1 receptor (Y1R) participated in activator protein-1(More)
The incidence of thyroid cancer increases with age, and it is twice in women as common as in men. The undifferentiated thyroid cancer (UTC) is the most aggressive of all thyroid cancers. Unfortunately, there are almost no efficacious therapeutic modalities. It is important to develop some new effective therapies. Evodiamine is a chemical extracted from a(More)
Hypoxia has been shown to stimulate the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), which is a major mediator for angiogenesis and vasculogenesis. During hypoxia, VEGF promotes angiogenesis in the testis. However, the effect of VEGF on the steroidogenesis of testosterone and the cell proliferation in Leydig cells is unclear. To assess the(More)