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A goal of Johne's disease control programs is to accurately detect Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis (MAP) infected cattle as quickly as possible to reduce disease transmission. A newly introduced real-time PCR provides results rapidly, but its accuracy in the field has not been evaluated. Fecal and serum samples collected from dairy cows in(More)
Escherichia coli, Salmonella species, and Pasteurella multocida are the major bacterial pathogens isolated from poultry. Difference in susceptibility to antibiotics by microorganisms has become a major factor in drug choice and success of treatment. Great concerns have been raised regarding emerging antimicrobial resistance among bacteria that may result in(More)
An outbreak of salmonellosis in a population of hospitalized horses resulted in the closure of a teaching hospital for a period of 10 weeks. Fecal samples were collected from suspected cases and cultured for Salmonella. Salmonella isolates were characterized using antimicrobial susceptibility testing, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and phage(More)
Vaccination of hens, with the subsequent maternal immunity imparted to chicks, is the primary means of controlling infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV). Effective vaccination depends on rapid and accurate diagnosis of the subtype present in a flock because vaccines based on the classic subtype of IBDV can fail to protect against challenge with a variant(More)
A reverse genetics infectious bursal disease virus (RG-IBDV) that contained authentic 3' RNA sequence was characterized both in vitro and in vivo. LP1-IBDV, a cell line-adapted IBDV strain variant E (VE) was used as the parent virus for constructing viral cDNA clones. Authentic 3' RNA sequence was generated by using cis-acting hepatitis delta virus ribozyme(More)
Staphylococcus aureus isolates (n = 70) from 65 patients (36 canine, 18 equine, 7 bovine, 2 avian, and 2 feline) at seven veterinary teaching hospitals in the United States were studied. The majority of patients (83%) with an S. aureus infection were canine and equine, but this may have reflected a sample bias based on clinic case loads and diagnostic lab(More)
A real-time RT-PCR assay was developed utilizing dual-labeled fluorescent probes binding to VP4 sequence that are specific to the classical (Cl), variant (V) and very virulent (vv) strains of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV). The assay was highly sensitive and could detect as little as 3 x 10(2) to 3 x 10(3) copies of viral template. Viral genomic(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare surgical trauma, perioperative pain, surgical time, and complication rate in mares undergoing standing bilateral ovariectomy by natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) or laparoscopy. STUDY DESIGN Experimental study. ANIMALS Healthy mares (n = 12). METHODS Ovariectomy was performed with a vessel-sealing device by(More)
The present study was undertaken to identify and characterize chicken melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 (MDA5) from alternative translation initiation. The alternatively translated chicken MDA5 had an open reading frame of 3309 base pairs, shorter than the predicted chicken MDA5 sequence by 549 base pairs and longer than the recently published(More)
Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) infection destroys the bursa of Fabricius, causing immunosuppression and rendering chickens susceptible to secondary bacterial or viral infections. IBDV large-segment-protein-expressing DNA has been shown to confer complete protection of chickens from infectious bursal disease (IBD). The purpose of the present study(More)