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The putative alpha-secretase cleaves the amyloid precursor protein (APP) of Alzheimer's disease in the middle of the amyloid beta peptide (Abeta) domain. It is generally thought that the alpha-secretase pathway mitigates Abeta formation in the normal brain. Several studies have suggested that ADAM9, ADAM10, and ADAM17 are candidate alpha-secretases… (More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the accumulation of amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles in the brain. The major component of the plaques, amyloid beta peptide (Abeta), is generated from amyloid precursor protein (APP) by beta- and gamma-secretase-mediated cleavage. Because beta-secretase/beta-site APP… (More)
A novel class of substrate-based beta-secretase (BACE1) inhibitors containing a hydroxymethylcarbonyl (HMC) isostere was designed and synthesized. Phenylnorstatine [(2R,3S)-3-amino-2-hydroxy-4-phenylbutyric acid; Pns] was an effective transition-state mimic at the P(1) position. Structure-activity relationships (SARs) of the P(3)-P(3)' positions of BACE1… (More)
A neuropathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease is the presence of amyloid plaques in the brain. Amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta) is the major constituent of the plaques and is generated by proteolytic cleavages of amyloid precursor protein (APP) by beta- and gamma-secretases. Growing evidence shows that lipid rafts are critically involved in regulating the… (More)
Recently, we reported a novel substrate-based octapeptide BACE1 inhibitor KMI-008 containing hydroxymethylcarbonyl (HMC) isostere as a transition-state mimic. Using KMI-008 as a lead compound, a small-sized and highly potent BACE1 inhibitor KMI-370 (IC(50)=3.4 nM) was designed and synthesized.
Beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta) is generated through the proteolytic cleavage of beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) by beta- and gamma-secretases. The beta-secretase, BACE1, initiates Abeta formation followed by gamma-cleavage within the APP transmembrane domain. Although BACE1 localizes in the transGolgi network (TGN), its physiological substrates and… (More)