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The expression of various melanogenic proteins, including tyrosinase, the tyrosinase-related proteins 1 (TRP1) and 2 (TRP2/DOPAchrome tautomerase), and the silver protein in human melanocytes was studied in six different human melanoma cell lines and compared to a mouse derived melanoma cell line. Analysis of the expression of tyrosinase, TRP1, TRP2, and(More)
BACKGROUND An inhibitory effect of ascorbic acid (AsA) on melanogenesis has been described. However, AsA is quickly oxidized and decomposed in aqueous solution and thus is not generally useful as a depigmenting agent. OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to examine the effect on pigmentation of magnesium-L-ascorbyl-2-phosphate (VC-PMG), a stable derivative of AsA.(More)
Mammalian melanocytes can produce two basic types of melanin, eumelanin and pheomelanin, within discrete organelles termed melanosomes. The physiological signals that regulate this switch are extrinsic to the melanocyte, and include alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone and the agouti protein. Tyrosinase, encoded at the albino locus, is the enzyme essential(More)
Using antibodies that recognize either tyrosinase, tyrosinase-related protein-1 (TRP1), or tyrosinase-related protein-2 (TRP2, DOPAchrome tautomerase), the quantities of those melanogenic enzymes were analyzed in five melanoma cell lines that possess various degrees of melanin production. All cells except JB/MS-W increased melanin production four to 30(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether angiopoietin 1 (Ang-1) potentiates overgrowth of the synovium and joint degradation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and to clarify the cell-signaling mechanisms of Ang-1 in the rheumatoid joint. METHODS Expression of Ang-1, TIE-2 (a receptor for Ang-1), and matrix metalloproteinase 3 (MMP-3) was studied by(More)
Pigmentation in the skin, hair, and eyes of animals is influenced by a number of genes that modulate the activity of melanocytes, the intervention of enzymatic controls at different stages of the melanogenic process, and the physico-chemical properties of the final pigment. The results of combined phenotypic, ultrastructural, biochemical, and chemical(More)
Tyrosinase related protein-1 is a melanocyte specific protein and a member of the tyrosinase gene family which also includes tyrosinase and TRP 2 (DOPAchrome tautomerase). In murine melanocytes, TRP-1 functions as a 5,6-dihydroxyindole-2-carboxylic acid [DHICA] oxidase during the biosynthetic conversion of tyrosine to eumelanin and mutations affecting TRP-1(More)
Slaty (slt), an autosomal recessive mutation that arose in YZ57/Ch mice, results in the dilution of coat color and premature hair loss. Recently, a gene encoding a homologue of the melanogenic enzyme tyrosinase (termed tyrosinase related protein 2 or TRP2) was cloned and was subsequently mapped to the slaty locus on chromosome 14. TRP2 was shown to function(More)
Molecular and biochemical mechanisms that switch melanocytes between the production of eumelanin or pheomelanin involve the opposing action of two intercellular signaling molecules, alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH) and agouti signal protein (ASP). In this study, we have characterized the physiological effects of ASP on eumelanogenic melanocytes in(More)
Molecular and biochemical mechanisms that modulate the production of eumelanin or pheomelanin pigments involve the opposing effects of two intercellular signaling molecules, alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (MSH) and agouti signal protein (ASP). ASP is an antagonist of MSH signaling through the melanocyte-specific MSH receptor, although its mechanism(s)(More)