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AIMS To determine the effect of methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) on mortality among injection drug users. DESIGN A cohort of prisoners with a history of injecting opiates who were followed after their release from prison in July 2007. Mortality between July 2007 and December 2008 was determined by linking the National Death Registry with the Methadone(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate, using a randomized trial, whether a web-based self-administered questionnaire (web SAQ) can improve the reporting rate of substance use in adolescents compared with a paper-and-pencil self-administered questionnaire (paper SAQ). METHODS Students of junior high, senior high, and vocational high schools in Taipei City and County were(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Little is known about the factors associated with syphilis among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected men who have sex with men (MSM) with access to combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) in Taiwan, where MSM has re-emerged as the leading risk group for HIV transmission. METHODS From March to October 2011, MSM who regularly(More)
BACKGROUND Type 2 diabetes is becoming more prevalent and its successful management relies on patients' self-care behaviours. Measures focusing on patients' perceptions can be effective behavioural interventions. AIM To gain insight into the perceptions of patients with diabetes, especially ideas of the illness course and perceived severity, and their(More)
It has been noted that workplace violence most frequently occurs in psychiatric settings. The purpose of this study was to explore the workplace violence, including violence situation, victims' feeling, and the prevention strategies, on workers caring for long-term institutionalized schizophrenic patients in Taiwan. We conducted a face-to-face, in-depth,(More)
To understand how awareness of HIV-positivity and the use of antiretroviral therapy associated with syphilis infection, 361 MSM attending 16 Hong-Pa (drug-and-sex parties) in Taiwan were studied. The syphilis rate of individuals within their first 2 years after HIV diagnosis (awareness) was lower than that in individuals who had not been diagnosed HIV(More)
BACKGROUND Harm reduction strategies for combating HIV epidemics among people who inject drugs (PWID) have been implemented in several countries. However, large-scale studies using sensitive measurements of HIV incidence and intervention exposures in defined cohorts are rare. The aim of this study was to determine the association between harm reduction(More)
OBJECTIVE This study examined the extent to which youthful alcohol consumption and the initiation of tobacco, betel nut, and other illegal drugs may differ by their first drinking context in Taiwan-a society with social norms that are more tolerant of underage drinking. METHOD In 2004, in a nationally representative sample of 11,943 school-attending youth(More)
The aim of this study is to assess the association linking employment experience with alcohol, tobacco, and betel nut involvement among youth in Taiwan. In 2004, an outreach program was conducted during weekdays to recruit youth sample in seven major geographic regions. A total of 5886 youth aged 12-18 years drawn from 26 cities or towns were assessed by a(More)
Immunity has emerged as a popular health concept across different cultures, in particular concerning persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Attentiveness to immune status is encouraged and governed by a powerful clinical and public health surveillance system where two surrogate markers, CD4 counts and viral load, are chosen to monitor not only the(More)