Chin-Yih Hong

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In isolated rat heart mitochondria lipid peroxidation was induced with ADP and ferrous sulfate (FeSO4). Oxygen consumption and malondialdehyde (MDA) production were measured to quantitate lipid peroxidation. The antioxidant effects of magnolol and honokiol purified from Magnolia officinalis were 1000 times higher than that of alpha-tocopherol. The IC50(More)
It is well established that the detection of microalbuminuria in a patient with diabetes mellitus indicates the presence of glomerular involvement in early renal damage. Recent studies have demonstrated that there is also a tubular component to renal complications of diabetes, as shown by the detection of renal tubular proteins and enzymes in the urine. In(More)
There is abundant evidence for the premise that oxygen-derived free radicals (OFR) mediate ischemia/reperfusion injury to the myocardium. OFR scavengers such as superoxide dismutase can effectively reduce damage through lipid peroxidation during ischemia/reperfusion. Enhanced chemiluminescence, which has been used to measure OFR, was used to measure the(More)
Antioxidants that prevent LDL from oxidation may reduce atherosclerosis. Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge is a Chinese herb widely used for the treatment of atherosclerosis-related disorders. Salvianolic acid B (Sal B), a water-soluble polyphenolic antioxidant isolated from the roots of this plant, was found to scavenge 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radicals and(More)
Calcium ions have an apparently paradoxical effect on sperm motility. In the epididymis, calcium ions stimulate immature sperm, whereas, in ejaculated semen, calcium ions inhibit sperm motility. Maturation processes change the response of sperm to calcium ions. Calcium binding substances and calcium transport inhibitors are secreted by male accessory sexual(More)
5-Arylamino-2-methyl-4,7-dioxobenzothiazoles were synthesized as inhibitors of cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK4) and cytotoxic agents. Most of the 4,7-dioxobenzothiazoles exhibited selective inhibitory activities for the CDK4 and cytotoxic potential against human cancer cell lines.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Fructus Aurantii (the unripe fruits of Citrus aurantium L.) on portal hypertensive rats. Portal hypertension was induced by partial portal vein ligation (PVL) in Sprague-Dawley rats. Sham-operated (Sham) rats served as controls. Hemodynamic and in vitro contractile studies were performed at 14 days(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM A mechanism suggested to cause injury to preserved organs is the generation of oxygen free radicals. Lipid peroxidation is one of the biological damages caused by oxygen free radicals. It is our aim to investigate whether magnolol, a strong antioxidant, suppresses the generation of oxygen free radicals and improves the viability of(More)
Oxygen-derived free radicals have been implicated in the development of myocardial injury during hypoxia/reperfusion. Antioxidants can effectively inhibit the formation of free radicals and ameliorate the myocardial damage which may occur during hypoxia/reperfusion. Trilinolein is a triacylglycerol recently purified from the traditional Chinese medicinal(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the prevalence of Parkinson disease (PD) in Singapore and compare the rates between Singaporean Chinese, Malays, and Indians. METHODS A three-phase community-based survey among a disproportionate random sample of 15,000 individuals (9,000 Chinese, 3,000 Malays, 3,000 Indians) aged 50 years and above who live in central Singapore(More)