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BACKGROUND We have previously reported an increase in symptoms of anxiety in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following administration of the beta 2-antagonist yohimbine, which stimulates brain norepinephrine release. Preclinical studies show decreased metabolism in the neocortex and the caudate nucleus with high-dose yohimbine-induced(More)
OBJECTIVE Animal studies have suggested that early stress is associated with alterations in the hippocampus, a brain area that plays a critical role in learning and memory. The purpose of this study was to measure both hippocampal structure and function in women with and without early childhood sexual abuse and the diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder(More)
CONTEXT We previously used positron emission tomography (PET) measurement of brain metabolism with 18fluorodeoxyglucose to show that patients receiving selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) who have a tryptophan depletion-induced return of depressive symptoms have an acute decrease in metabolism in orbitofrontal cortex, dorsolateral prefrontal(More)
BACKGROUND Short-term depletion of plasma tryptophan has been shown to result in depressive relapse in patients with remission of major depression. Positron emission tomography and single photon emission computed tomography studies implicated the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, orbitofrontal cortex, thalamus, and caudate nucleus in the pathogenesis of(More)
UNLABELLED This study was performed to evaluate the effect of insulin on myocardial kinetics of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) and glucose in patients with ischemic heart disease. METHODS Twelve male patients (age range 54-79 yr; mean age 69 +/- 8 yr) were studied during the fasting awake state. Patients with diabetes and previous myocardial infarction of(More)
UNLABELLED [18F]altanserin has been used to label serotonin 5-HT2A receptors, which are believed to be important in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia and depression. The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility of a constant infusion paradigm for equilibrium modeling of [18F]altanserin with PET. Kinetic modeling with [18F]altanserin may be(More)
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) is widely used for remote network resource management due to its simplicity and distributed management capabilities. However, the increased use of SNMP to manage and control network resources such as routers and servers also introduces security risks whereby unauthorized users can retrieve information or modify the(More)
BACKGROUND Rapid reperfusion of an occluded coronary artery salvages regional mechanical function, but this benefit may not be realized for hours or days because of postischemic stunning. Recovery from stunning is incompletely understood but may involve adaptive changes in heart glucose metabolism. METHODS AND RESULTS To examine whether reversible(More)
The regional distribution in brain, distribution volumes, and pharmacological specificity of the PET 5-HT(2A) receptor radiotracer [(18)F]deuteroaltanserin were evaluated and compared to those of its non-deuterated derivative [(18)F]altanserin. Both radiotracers were administered to baboons by bolus plus constant infusion and PET images were acquired up to(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental data have indicated that [99mTc]-nitroimidazole (BMS-181321) is preferentially taken up in hypoxic tissue; its kinetics, however, has not been fully investigated. The purpose of this study was to address the relation between perfusate oxygen level and myocardial retention of [99mTc]nitroimidazole. METHODS AND RESULTS Bolus(More)