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All eukaryotic cells divide a finite number of times, although the mechanistic basis of this replicative aging remains unclear. Replicative aging is accompanied by a reduction in histone protein levels, and this is a cause of aging in budding yeast. Here we show that nucleosome occupancy decreased by 50% across the whole genome during replicative aging(More)
DNA damage causes checkpoint activation leading to cell cycle arrest and repair, during which the chromatin structure is disrupted. The mechanisms whereby chromatin structure and cell cycle progression are restored after DNA repair are largely unknown. We show that chromatin reassembly following double-strand break (DSB) repair requires the histone(More)
Chemo- and radiotherapy cause multiple forms of DNA damage and lead to the death of cancer cells. Inhibitors of the DNA damage response are candidate drugs for use in combination therapies to increase the efficacy of such treatments. In this study, we show that curcumin, a plant polyphenol, sensitizes budding yeast to DNA damage by counteracting the DNA(More)
OBJECTIVE Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease and topical therapy remains a key role for treatment. The aim of this study is to evaluate the influence of psoriasis-like lesions on the cutaneous permeation of anti-psoriatic drugs. METHODS We first set up imiquimod-induced dermatitis in mice that closely resembles human psoriasis lesions. The(More)
Ribonucleotide reductase maintains cellular deoxyribonucleotide pools and is thus tightly regulated during the cell cycle to ensure high fidelity in DNA replication. The Sml1 protein inhibits ribonucleotide reductase activity by binding to the R1 subunit. At the completion of each turnover cycle, the active site of R1 becomes oxidized and subsequently(More)
1 Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan, 2 Taiwan International Graduate Program in Molecular Medicine, National Yang-Ming University and Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan, 3 Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan, 4 Research Center for Applied Sciences, Academia Sinica,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Transitional cell carcinoma has been diagnosed mostly in urinary bladder in southern Taiwan and has an exceptionally high mortality rate. To identify the genes associated with bladder cancer, we investigated differential gene expression. Six bladder tumor cDNA libraries were constructed and their sequences were compared and analyzed.(More)