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Autophagy is a crucial process for cells to maintain homeostasis and survival through degradation of cellular proteins and organelles, including mitochondria and endoplasmic reticula (ER). We previously demonstrated that temozolomide (TMZ), an alkylating agent for brain tumor chemotherapy, induced reactive oxygen species (ROS)/extracellular signal-regulated(More)
The alkylating agent temozolomide (TMZ) is the major chemotherapeutic drug used clinically in the treatment of malignant gliomas. This study investigated the mechanism behind TMZ-induced cell death and the possibility that resveratrol might increase TMZ efficacy. TMZ induced both apoptotic cell death and cytoprotective autophagy through a reactive oxygen(More)
Glioblastoma stem-like cells (GSC) have been shown to promote tumor growth, tumor-associated neovascularization, therapeutic resistance, and metastasis. CXCR4 receptors have been found involved in the proliferation, metastasis, angiogenesis, and drug-resistant characteristics of glioblastoma. However, the role of CXCR4 in modulating the stem-like cell(More)
BACKGROUND The p16(INK4A) protein (p16) is a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor that arrests the cell cycle in the G1 phase. AIM To explore the potential of p16 as a predictive marker for lymph node (LN) metastasis and prognosis in cervical carcinomas. METHODS 145 patients diagnosed with FIGO stage I to IV cervical carcinoma were studied; 95 underwent LN(More)
We tested the hypothesis in a rat model that body cooling suppresses circulatory shock and cerebral ischemia in heatstroke. Animals under urethane anesthesia were exposed to water blanket temperature (Tblanket) of 42 degrees C until mean arterial pressure (MAP) and local cerebral blood flow (CBF) in the hippocampus began to decrease from their peak levels,(More)
Angptl1, a member of the angiopoietin-related protein family, is known to regulate angiogenesis, but little is known of its potential role in other processes. To identify the expression pattern and possible role of angptl1 during embryogenesis, we used gene targeting to generate angptl1-deficient, nLacZ knockin mice. Staining for beta-galactosidase from(More)
The aim of the present study was to ascertain whether aminoguanidine attenuated intracranial hypertension and cerebral ischemic injury in experimental heatstroke. Urethane-anesthetized rats were exposed to heat stress (ambient temperature of 43 degrees C) to induce heatstroke. Control rats were exposed to 24 degrees C. Mean arterial pressure, cerebral(More)
We sought to investigate the molecular mechanisms by which rosiglitazone (RGZ) inhibits cell invasion in human glioma cells. In this study, we found that RGZ attenuated MMP-2 protein levels, MMP-2 gelatinolytic activity, and cell invasiveness through a PPAR-gamma independent pathway. RGZ increased mitogen activated protein kinase phosphatase-1 (MKP-1)(More)
Dexamethasone has been shown to inhibit tumor invasiveness. In the present study, the effects of dexamethasone on matrix metalloproteinases-2 (MMP-2) secretion, cell invasiveness, and intravasation in human U87MG glioma cells were examined. Dexamethasone decreased MMP-2 secretion and cell invasiveness in human glioma cells. Incubation of cells with(More)
BACKGROUND To correlate CD44/CD24 expression with gastric cancer recurrence and prognosis. Gastric cancer is the second leading cause of cancer mortality due to the high recurrence rate, of which the molecular signature has not yet been identified. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed the hospital records of patients with gastric cancer. Among 500 patients(More)