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Using a binary tumor-inducing (Ti) plasmid vector system, several plant species were transformed with a kanamycin resistance marker (neomycin phosphotransferase gene). Four Nicotiana species, seven tomato cultivars, two potato cultivars, and Arabidopsis thaliana were transformed by the binary vector transformation method. In this method, various plant organ(More)
Disease resistance response genes (DRRG) of peas are expressed as the tissue is expressing race-specific or nonhost resistance. A pea genomic clone DRRG49-c encompassing one DRRG structural gene, the expression of which is correlated with the expression of disease resistance, was sequenced and characterized. The 2.3-kb genomic segment sequenced encompassed(More)
The Mauriceville and Varkud mitochondrial plasmids of Neurospora spp. are closely related, small circular DNAs that propagate via an RNA intermediate and reverse transcription. Although the plasmids ordinarily replicate autonomously, they can also integrate into mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), yielding defective mtDNAs that in some cases cause senescence. To(More)
Two pea genes, pI39 and pI230, which are specifically induced by two forma specials of Fusarium solani, encode closely related proteins with predicted molecular masses (Mr) of 8.2 and 8 kDa, respectively. Both proteins contain a signal sequence and are cleaved to mature proteins of Mr 5 kDa as indicated by an in vitro translation system. The mature proteins(More)
The coding sequence from the pea disease resistance response gene 49 (DRR49 gene), was transferred into the potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) cultivar Shepody viaAgrobacterium co-cultivation. Potato leaf explants were co-cultivated withAgrobacterium tumefaciens harboring a binary vector containing the coding sequence from the DRR49 gene under the control of the(More)
The Mauriceville retroplasmid of Neurospora mitochondria encodes a novel reverse transcriptase that initiates cDNA synthesis de novo (i.e., without a primer) at the 3' CCA of the plasmid transcript's 3' tRNA-like structure (H. Wang and A. M. Lambowitz, Cell 75:1071-1081, 1993). Here, we show that the plasmid reverse transcriptase also initiates cDNA(More)
Development of the cartilaginous capsule of the inner ear is dependent on interactions between otic epithelium and its surrounding periotic mesenchyme. During these tissue interactions, factors endogenous to the otic epithelium influence the differentiation of the underlying periotic mesenchyme to form a chondrified otic capsule. We report the localization(More)
The Human Genome Project has successfully completed all the major goals in its current 5-year plan, covering the period 1993–98. A new plan, for 1998 –2003, is presented, in which human DNA sequencing will be the major emphasis. An ambitious schedule has been set to complete the full sequence by the end of 2003, 2 years ahead of previous projections. In the(More)