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BACKGROUND Obesity is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, but the most predictive measure for different ethnic populations is not clear. We aimed to assess whether markers of obesity, especially waist-to-hip ratio, would be stronger indicators of myocardial infarction than body-mass index (BMI), the conventional measure. METHODS We did a(More)
BACKGROUND We wished to determine the prevalence of, potential mechanistic associations of, and clinical outcomes related to anemia in patients with heart failure and a broad spectrum of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). METHODS AND RESULTS In multivariable analyses, we examined the associations between hemoglobin and baseline characteristics,(More)
BACKGROUND Many patients with heart failure remain symptomatic and have a poor prognosis despite existing treatments. Decreases in myocardial contractility and shortening of ventricular systole are characteristic of systolic heart failure and might be improved by a new therapeutic class, cardiac myosin activators. We report the first study of the cardiac(More)
Death in chronic heart failure (CHF) can be from progression of disease or sudden and unexpected. We have attempted to identify factors that predict sudden death in CHF. We followed up 44 patients with CHF for 12-50 (mean 36) months. 4 patients died of non-cardiovascular causes and were excluded from analysis. There were 7 sudden deaths (symptoms for less(More)
BACKGROUND Data from large epidemiological studies suggest that elevated heart rate is independently associated with cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in patients with hypertension and in those with established cardiovascular disease. Clinical trial findings also suggest that the favorable effects of beta-blockers and other heart rate-lowering agents(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) are frequently anemic. An increase in hemoglobin could enhance exercise performance by increasing oxygen delivery. We investigated the effect of erythropoietin (EPO) on exercise performance in anemic patients with CHF. METHODS AND RESULTS Twenty-six anemic patients aged 57+/-11 years were randomized to(More)
Blood pressure reactivity is enhanced in young black subjects through mechanisms that are poorly understood. We compared alpha-adrenergic-mediated vasoconstrictor and ss-adrenergic vasodilator sensitivity and their relation to sympathetic activity in blacks and whites. Ten healthy black (age, 29.9+/-2.4 years) and 10 white (age, 28.3+/-1.9 years) men were(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental evidence suggests that xanthine oxidase inhibitors can reduce myocardial oxygen consumption for a particular stroke volume. If such an effect also occurs in man, this class of inhibitors could become a new treatment for ischaemia in patients with angina pectoris. We ascertained whether high-dose allopurinol prolongs exercise(More)
AIMS High-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (cTnI) assays hold promise in detecting the transition from hypertrophy to heart failure in aortic stenosis. We sought to investigate the mechanism for troponin release in patients with aortic stenosis and whether plasma cTnI concentrations are associated with long-term outcome. METHODS AND RESULTS Plasma cTnI(More)
The effects and safety of using oral nifedipine 10-20 mg as acute antihypertensive treatment were studied in a single-blind placebo-controlled study of 25 consecutive patients with very high blood pressure requiring emergency reduction. In addition the effect of this treatment on cerebral blood flow was investigated using xenon-133 in 10 patients randomly(More)