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Oversulfated chondroitin sulfate (CS)/dermatan sulfate (DS) hybrid chains were purified from the notochord of hagfish. The chains (previously named CS-H for hagfish) have an average molecular mass of 18 kDa. Composition analysis using various chondroitinases demonstrated a variety of D-glucuronic acid (GlcUA)- and L-iduronic acid (IdoUA)-containing(More)
Chondroitin sulfate (CS) and dermatan sulfate (DS) hybrid chains of proteoglycans are critical in growth factor binding, neuritogenesis, and brain development. Here we isolated CS/DS hybrid chains from shark skin aiming to develop therapeutic agents. Digestion with various chondroitinases showed that both GlcUA- and IdoUA-containing disaccharides are(More)
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the serious secondary complications of diabetes, which results in end-stage renal failure. Reports on the progressive nature of early phase DN especially with respect to kidney parameters such as kidney weight, type IV collagen excretion, total kidney and urinary glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) are few. This work was undertaken(More)
Endogenous pleiotrophin and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) mediate the neurite outgrowth-promoting activity of chondroitin sulfate (CS)/dermatan sulfate (DS) hybrid chains isolated from embryonic pig brain. CS/DS hybrid chains isolated from shark skin have a different disaccharide composition, but also display these activities. In this study, pleiotrophin-(More)
Signaling by fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2), an autocrine stimulator of glioma growth, is regulated by heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) via a ternary complex with FGF-2 and the FGF receptor (FGFR). To characterize glioma growth signaling, we examined whether altered HSPGs contribute to loss of growth control in gliomas. In a screen of five human(More)
The role of dietary fibers in diabetes has been studied by several workers. Long term dietary treatment with increased amounts of fiber-rich low-glycaemic index natural foods improves blood glucose and reduces the number of hypoglycemic events in type I diabetic patients. On the other hand Rohrbach and Martin and Cohen and Surma described changes in the(More)
Carbohydrates of laminin, a family of large multidomain glycoproteins, have been implicated in various cellular activities including maintaining the protein structure, its function and also basement membrane integrity. During the course of our investigation, we observed that purified laminin from kidneys of control, diabetic, and dietary fiber- and butyric(More)
Pathological conditions are bound to affect the molecules on erythrocytes, and accordingly affect their functions. Chondroitin sulphate/dermatan sulphate (CS/DS), one of the classes of molecules found to be expressed in erythrocytes was previously observed by us to be either overexpressed in diabetic condition or undergo structural changes in(More)
Structures of arabinoxylans (AX) from bajra, from a variety known to have characteristic quality in the making of roti, an unleavened flat bread, were elucidated by a combination of methylation analysis, (13)C NMR, FT-IR, etc. Arabinoxylans isolated from barium hydroxide-extracted polysaccharides and hemicellulose B had a backbone of xylose residues with(More)