Chikuma Hamada

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BACKGROUND The antiplatelet drug cilostazol is efficacious for prevention of stroke recurrence compared with placebo. We designed the second Cilostazol Stroke Prevention Study (CSPS 2) to establish non-inferiority of cilostazol versus aspirin for prevention of stroke, and to compare the efficacy and safety of cilostazol and aspirin in patients with(More)
We conducted clinical trials in patients with acute lung injury (ALI) associated with systemic inflammatory response syndrome using a selective neutrophil elastase inhibitor, sivelestat sodium hydrate (Sivelestat), to investigate the involvement of neutrophil elastase in ALI. In the phase III double-blind study (Study 1) in 230 patients, the efficacy of(More)
Irinotecan hydrochloride and S-1, an oral fluoropyrimidine, have shown antitumor activity against advanced gastric cancer as single agents in phase I/II studies. The combination of irinotecan and S-1 (IRI-S) is also active against advanced gastric cancer. This study was conducted to compare the efficacy and safety of IRI-S versus S-1 monotherapy in patients(More)
BACKGROUND We evaluated the efficacy and safety of S-1 plus oxaliplatin (SOX) as an alternative to cisplatin plus S-1 (CS) in first-line chemotherapy for advanced gastric cancer (AGC). PATIENTS AND METHODS In this randomized, open-label, multicenter phase III study, patients were randomly assigned to receive SOX (80-120 mg/day S-1 for 2 weeks with 100(More)
Uracil-Tegafur (UFT), an oral fluorinated pyrimidine chemotherapeutic agent, has been used for adjuvant chemotherapy in curatively resected colorectal cancer patients. Past trials and meta-analyses indicate that it is somewhat effective in extending survival of patients with rectal cancer. The objective of this study was to perform a reappraisal of(More)
The selection of a trial design is an important issue in the planning of clinical trials. One of the most important considerations in trial design is the method of treatment allocation and appropriate analysis plan corresponding to the design. In this article, we conducted computer simulations using the actual data from 2158 rectal cancer patients enrolled(More)
BACKGROUND Treatments that confer survival benefit are needed in patients with heavily pretreated metastatic colorectal cancer. The aim of this trial was to investigate the efficacy and safety of TAS-102-a novel oral nucleoside antitumour agent. METHODS Between August 25, 2009, and April 12, 2010, we undertook a multicentre, double-blind, randomised,(More)
BACKGROUND Oral 5-fluorouracil and its prodrugs (tegafur, carmofur) is now being studied for adjuvant chemotherapy of curatively resected colorectal cancers. To evaluate the effect of these oral fluoropyrimidines (o-FPs), an individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials was performed in Japan as an inter-trialist group study. (More)
The cumulative survival curve after surgery for advanced pancreatic cancer is characterized by a steep downward slope in the early postoperative period. The aim of this investigation was to identify the characteristics associated with early mortality in patients undergoing pancreatic resection for pancreatic cancer. Thirty-seven patients with extended(More)
BACKGROUND The Seventh Edition of the Tumor, Node, Metastasis Classification of Malignant Tumors in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) proposes a more detailed classification of primary tumor diameter. Stage IA T1 disease is subdivided into two groups: T1a disease (tumor diameter, < or = 2 cm) and T1b disease (tumor diameter, >2 to < or = 3 cm).(More)