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We have studied the mechanisms of auditory hair cell death after insults in vitro and in vivo. We show DNA fragmentation of hair cell nuclei after ototoxic drug and intense noise trauma. By using phospho-specific c-Jun-N-terminal kinase (JNK) and c-Jun antibodies in immunohistochemistry, we show that the JNK pathway, associated with stress, injury, and(More)
Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is a clonal disorder of a pluripotent hematopoietic stem cells characterized by a chimeric bcr-abl gene giving rise to a p210(Bcr-Abl) protein with dysregulated tyrosine kinase activity. Radicicol, a macrocyclic antifungal antibiotic, binds to the N-terminal of heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) and destabilizes(More)
Radicicol, a macrocyclic antifungal antibiotic, has been shown to bind to the heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) chaperone, interfering with its function. Hsp90 family chaperones have been shown to associate with several signaling molecules and play an essential role in signal transduction, which is important for tumor cell growth. Because radicicol lacks(More)
A series of 3,9 disubstituted [(alkylthio)methyl]- and (alkoxymethyl)-K-252a derivatives was synthesized with the aim of enhancing and separating the neurotrophic properties from the undesirable NGF (trk A kinase) and PKC inhibitory activities of K-252a. Data from this series reveal that substitution in the 3- and 9-positions of K-252a with these groups(More)
CEP-1347, also known as KT7515, a derivative of a natural product indolocarbazole, inhibited motor neuronal death in vitro, inhibited activation of the stress-activated kinase JNK1 (c-jun NH terminal kinase) in cultured spinal motor neurons, but had no effect on the mitogen-activated protein kinase ERK1 in these cells. Results reported here profile the(More)
We have identified a class of small organic molecules, derived from the indolocarbazole K-252a, that promote the survival of cultured neurons. However, many of these indolocarbazoles inhibit protein kinase C and neurotrophin-activated tyrosine kinase receptors. These kinase inhibitory activities may limit the utility of these compounds for neurological(More)
The indolocarbazole analogue CEP-751 is a potent and selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor of the neurotrophin-specific trk receptors that has demonstrated antitumor activity in nine different models of prostate cancer growth in vivo. In the slow-growing, androgen-sensitive Dunning H prostate cancers, which express trk receptors, CEP-751 induced transient(More)
Advanced prostate cancer remains largely incurable, primarily because the very low growth fraction present in these tumors makes them generally resistant to treatment with standard chemotherapeutic agents that target cell division. Effective therapies should therefore induce death of prostate cancer cells, independent of their growth rate. trkA, the(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of inhibition of Eg5 (kinesin spindle protein), a mitotic kinesin that plays an essential role in establishing mitotic spindle bipolarity, by the novel small molecule inhibitor K858. K858 was selected in a phenotype-based forward chemical genetics screen as an antimitotic agent, and subsequently(More)
More than two-thirds of breast cancers occur in post-menopausal women, and depend on the estrogens for their proliferation and survival. For the treatment of estrogen-dependent breast cancers, two major treatment options are now available. One is selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) such as Tamoxifen and another is aromatase inhibitor such as(More)