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Receptors for excitatory amino acids in the mammalian central nervous system are classified into three major subtypes, ones which prefer N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), quisqualate (QA), or kainate (KA) as type agonists respectively. These receptors are considered to mediate fast postsynaptic potentials by activating ion channels directly (ionotropic type).(More)
Mastication modulates the autonomic nervous activity of the digestive glands and the heart. The autonomic nervous balance is evaluated with spectral analysis of heart rate variability. In the present study, we investigated the effects of mastication of chewing gum base on heart rate variability to clarify the role of mastication in the sympatho-vagal(More)
Microinjection of mRNA from adult rat brains into Xenopus oocytes induced an electrophysiological response to acetylcholine in the cells. The cells responded to acetylcholine through muscarinic receptors which appeared on the cell surface after microinjection of the mRNA and showed the depolarization, mainly due to an increase in membrane permeability to Cl(More)
Mastication and swallowing increase the heart rate, and posture change and respiration also modulate the heart rate. To clarify the role of mastication and swallowing in the modulation of the autonomic nervous activity, we investigated how they interact with modulation of the heart rate by changing body positions and respiration in young healthy subjects.(More)
Gingival epithelial cells first encounter periodontopathogenic bacteria and their metabolic products to produce inflammatory cytokines. Gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) is thought to play a critical role in cellular coordination in tissue homeostasis. Gap junctions are structured by connexins (CXs). GJIC response of gingival epithelial(More)
Involvement of gap-junctional intercellular communication in the stimulation of growth was investigated in quiescent 3T3-L1 cells. When the cells in monolayer were growth-arrested by culture in a low concentration of calf serum, addition of dibutyryl cyclic AMP enhanced dye-coupling and suppressed the enhancement of DNA synthesis, induced by calf serum, in(More)
Our previous report has shown that Irsogladine maleate (IM) counters and obviates the reduction in gap junction intercellular communication (GJIC) and the increase in IL-8 levels, respectively, induced by outer membrane protein 29 from Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans (A. actinomycetemcomitans) in cultured human gingival epithelial cells (HGEC). In(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Irsogladine maleate counters gap junctional intercellular communication reduction induced by interleukin-8 or Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans in cultured human gingival epithelial cells. Interleukin-1 beta is involved in periodontal disease. Little is known, however, about the effect of interleukin-1 beta on intercellular(More)
Xenopus oocytes in which poly(A)+ mRNA isolated from rat brains were previously injected, exhibited at least 3 categories of current responses to excitatory amino acids. They were oscillatory responses to glutamate (Glu) or quisqualate (QA), smooth large responses to kainate (KA), and smooth small responses to Glu and QA. Oscillatory responses were mediated(More)
Forskolin-induced anion currents and depolarization were investigated to clarify the mechanism of HCO3- secretion in the intralobular duct cells of rat parotid glands. Anion currents of the cells were measured at the equilibrium potential of K+, using a gramicidin-perforated patch technique that negligibly affects intracellular anion concentration. The(More)