Chikara Hirono

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Receptors for excitatory amino acids in the mammalian central nervous system are classified into three major subtypes, ones which prefer N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), quisqualate (QA), or kainate (KA) as type agonists respectively. These receptors are considered to mediate fast postsynaptic potentials by activating ion channels directly (ionotropic type).(More)
Mastication and swallowing increase the heart rate, and posture change and respiration also modulate the heart rate. To clarify the role of mastication and swallowing in the modulation of the autonomic nervous activity, we investigated how they interact with modulation of the heart rate by changing body positions and respiration in young healthy subjects.(More)
Forskolin-induced anion currents and depolarization were investigated to clarify the mechanism of HCO3 − secretion in the intralobular duct cells of rat parotid glands. Anion currents of the cells were measured at the equilibrium potential of K+, using a gramicidin-perforated patch technique that negligibly affects intracellular anion concentration. The(More)
When Xenopus laevis oocytes were microinjected with poly(A)+ mRNA isolated from adult rat brains or electric organs of Electrophorus electricus, the oocytes developed functional sodium channels. Upon application of veratrine, the microinjected oocytes exhibited transient depolarization, resulting in spontaneous repetitive spikes in some occasions, and(More)
Mastication modulates the autonomic nervous activity of the digestive glands and the heart. The autonomic nervous balance is evaluated with spectral analysis of heart rate variability. In the present study, we investigated the effects of mastication of chewing gum base on heart rate variability to clarify the role of mastication in the sympatho-vagal(More)
1. The intracellular reaction mechanism underlying electrophysiological responses evoked by neurotensin (NT) was studied using Xenopus laevis oocytes injected with poly (A)+ messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) isolated from rat brains. 2. A few days after the injection of mRNA, oocytes were found to acquire sensitivity to NT and substance P. 3. Under(More)
Antibodies against 21 and 27 kDa gap-junction proteins from rat liver were used to examine the identification and localization of gap-junction proteins in rat salivary glands. Acinar cells of the submandibular glands and parotid glands stained well for the 27 kDa gap junction protein and less intensely for the 21 kDa protein. Acinar cells of the sublingual(More)
Cyclic AMP evokes fluid secretion with bicarbonate in exocrine ducts. Clearance of fluorescent dyes from rat parotid intralobular ducts by forskolin was visualized as a fluorescence change in the duct luminal space by optical sectioning under a confocal laser scanning microscope to clarify the secretory function in the ducts. When the isolated rat parotid(More)
Osmotic shock transiently induces a volume change in the cells, followed by a restoration of the cell volume due to intracellular water regulation. Effect of long-term osmotic shock on the water regulation is not completely understood. Vacuole formation by long-term osmotic shock was investigated to clarify the water exclusion mechanism from cytoplasm into(More)
As in other salivary glands, the secretory cells of the sheep parotid have a resting K+ conductance that is dominated by BK channels, which are activated by acetylcholine (ACh) and are blocked by tetraethylammonium (TEA). Nevertheless, perfusion studies indicate that TEA does not inhibit ACh-evoked fluid secretion or K+ efflux from intact sheep parotid(More)