Chikako Shinga-Ishihara

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An important caries prevention strategy for children includes measures to interfere with transmission of mutans streptococci (MS). This study confirmed the effectiveness of maternal early exposure to xylitol chewing gum on mother-child transmission of MS. After screening, 107 pregnant women with high salivary MS were randomized into two groups: xylitol gum(More)
To assess mutans streptococci (MS) during xylitol gum chewing (mean 3.8 g/day, 2.9 times/day) for 13 months and then for 15 months after the intervention, Japanese mothers with high salivary MS were randomized into two groups: xylitol gum (n = 56) and no gum (n = 51). The proportion of low MS levels was highest at 3 months of consumption (48.8%), but was(More)
BACKGROUND Diet is a major modifiable contributing factor in the etiology of dental caries. The purpose of this paper is to examine the reliability and cross-cultural validity of the Japanese version of the Food Frequency Questionnaire to assess dietary intake in relation to dental caries risk in Japanese. METHODS The 38-item Food Frequency Questionnaire,(More)
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