Chikako Nishitani

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Comparative genome mapping determines the linkage between homologous genes of related taxa. It has already been used in plants to characterize agronomically important genes in lesser studied species, using information from better studied species. In the Maloideae sub-family, which includes fruit species such as apple, pear, loquat and quince, genome(More)
Many important apple (Malus × domestica Borkh.) fruit quality traits are regulated by multiple genes, and more information about quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for these traits is required for marker-assisted selection. In this study, we constructed genetic linkage maps of the Japanese apple cultivars 'Orin' and 'Akane' using F1 seedlings derived from a(More)
Genome editing is a powerful technique for genome modification in molecular research and crop breeding, and has the great advantage of imparting novel desired traits to genetic resources. However, the genome editing of fruit tree plantlets remains to be established. In this study, we describe induction of a targeted gene mutation in the endogenous apple(More)
Black spot disease, which is caused by the Japanese pear pathotype of Alternaria alternata (Fr.) Keissler, is one of the most harmful diseases in Japanese pear cultivation. We identified the exact positions and linkage groups (LGs) of the genes for susceptibility to black spot in the Japanese pear (Pyrus pyrifolia Nakai) cultivars 'Osa Nijisseiki' (gene(More)
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is packed into highly organized structures called mitochondrial nucleoids (mt-nucleoids). To understand the organization of mtDNA and the overall regulation of its genetic activity within the mt-nucleoids, we identified and characterized a novel mtDNA packaging protein, termed Glom (a protein inducing agglomeration of mitochondrial(More)
Some plant homeobox genes are expressed specifically in vascular cells and are assumed to function in the differentiation of specific types of vascular cells. However, homeobox genes exhibiting primary phloem-specific expression have not been reported. To elucidate the molecular mechanisms of vascular development, we undertook to isolate from Zinnia elegans(More)
Retrotransposons are present in all plant genomes and play important roles in genome size, genome structure remodeling, gene function, and genome evolution. Eight novel long terminal repeat retrotransposons were identified from a bacterial artificial chromosome library of Japanese pear (Pyrus pyrifolia). On the basis of the order of gene arrangement within(More)
We developed 18 polymorphic simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers in pineapple (Ananas comosus) by using genomic libraries enriched for GA and CA motifs. The markers were used to genotype 31 pineapple accessions, including seven cultivars and 11 breeding lines from Okinawa Prefecture, 12 foreign accessions and one from a related species. These SSR loci were(More)
Using an F1 population from a cross between Japanese pear (Pyrus pyrifolia Nakai) cultivars 'Akiakari' and 'Taihaku', we performed quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis of seven fruit traits (harvest time, fruit skin color, flesh firmness, fruit weight, acid content, total soluble solids content, and preharvest fruit drop). The constructed simple sequence(More)
Since chloroplasts are maternally inherited and have unique features in evolution, their genome sequences have been broadly used in phylogenetic studies of plants. Here, we assembled the chloroplast genome sequence of cultivated pineapple (Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.) that is the most economically significant plant in the Bromeliaceae using next-generation(More)