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Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) has been classified into two types, CMT1 and CMT2, demyelinating and axonal forms, respectively. CMT2 has been further subdivided into eight groups by linkage studies. CMT2A is linked to chromosome 1p35-p36 and mutation in the kinesin family member 1B-beta (KIF1B) gene had been reported in one pedigree. However, no mutation(More)
The neurofilament light chain polypeptide (NEFL) forms the major intermediate filament in neurons and axons. NEFL mutation is a cause of axonal or demyelinating forms of dominant Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT). We investigated NEFL in 223 Japanese CMT patients who were negative for PMP22, MPZ, GJB1, LITAF, EGR2, GDAP1, MTMR2 and PRX in the demyelinating(More)
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is a heterogeneous disorder and is traditionally classified into two major types, CMT type 1 (CMT1) and CMT type 2 (CMT2). Most CMT1 patients are associated with the duplication of 17p11.2-p12 (CMT1A duplication) and small numbers of patients have mutations of the peripheral myelin protein 22 (PMP22), myelin protein zero(More)
The molecular basis of double cortex syndrome was investigated in 2 male patients. Magnetic resonance imaging of the patients' heads showed diffuse subcortical band heterotopia, as is seen in female patients. We found a heterozygous mutation for Asp50Lys or Arg39Stop in both patients. Microsatellite polymorphism analysis revealed that both patients had(More)
Two patients with a mild to moderate phenotype of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease were identified to carry the mutations of the connexin (Cx) 32 gene. One of the patient had a novel nonsense mutation of tryptophan at amino acid 132 and the other had a deletion of the Cx 32 gene. Our study indicated that a loss of Cx 32 function contributes to a major(More)
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is the most common inherited neuropathy characterized by clinical and genetic heterogeneity. Although more than 30 loci harboring CMT-causing mutations have been identified, many other genes still remain to be discovered for many affected individuals. For two consanguineous families with CMT (axonal and mixed phenotypes), a(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have revealed relative frequency and characteristic phenotype of two major causative factors for Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS), i.e. epimutation of the H19-differentially methylated region (DMR) and uniparental maternal disomy 7 (upd(7)mat), as well as multilocus methylation abnormalities and positive correlation between(More)
Recently, a few genetic abnormalities were identified in congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS or Ondine's curse). CCHS is often associated with other neurocristopathies, especially with Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR). Mutations of the genes involved in the receptor tyrosine kinase RET (REarranged during Transfection) (RET)-glial cell(More)
SOX2 anophthalmia syndrome characteristically presents as anophthalmia or microphthalmia, with various extraocular symptoms, such as hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, brain anomaly, and esophageal abnormalities. In this report, we describe a patient with SOX2 anophthalmia syndrome complicated with a dental anomaly, multiple supernumerary impacted teeth, and(More)
We studied a female patient who presented with autosomal recessive or sporadic Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1 (CMT1). We found that she had a 1.5-megabase deletion in chromosome 17p11.2-p12 containing the peripheral myelin protein 22 gene (PMP22) and an Arg157Gly mutation of PMP22. Hemizygous mutation of PMP22 should be considered in patients with(More)