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Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease (CMT) has been classified into two types, CMT1 and CMT2, demyelinating and axonal forms, respectively. CMT2 has been further subdivided into eight groups by linkage studies. CMT2A is linked to chromosome 1p35–p36 and mutation in the kinesin family member 1B-ß (KIF1B) gene had been reported in one pedigree. However, no mutation in(More)
The neurofilament light chain polypeptide (NEFL) forms the major intermediate filament in neurons and axons. NEFL mutation is a cause of axonal or demyelinating forms of dominant Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT). We investigated NEFL in 223 Japanese CMT patients who were negative for PMP22, MPZ, GJB1, LITAF, EGR2, GDAP1, MTMR2 and PRX in the demyelinating(More)
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is a heterogeneous disorder and is traditionally classified into two major types, CMT type 1 (CMT1) and CMT type 2 (CMT2). Most CMT1 patients are associated with the duplication of 17p11.2-p12 (CMT1A duplication) and small numbers of patients have mutations of the peripheral myelin protein 22 (PMP22), myelin protein zero(More)
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is the most common inherited neuropathy characterized by clinical and genetic heterogeneity. Although more than 30 loci harboring CMT-causing mutations have been identified, many other genes still remain to be discovered for many affected individuals. For two consanguineous families with CMT (axonal and mixed phenotypes), a(More)
BACKGROUND The MPZ Thr124Met mutation is characterised by a late onset, pupillary abnormality, deafness, normal or moderate decreased motor nerve conduction velocity, and axonal damage in sural nerve biopsy. OBJECTIVE To investigate the clinical manifestations of the axonal or demyelinating forms of the Japanese MPZ Thr124Met mutation originating in four(More)
Periaxin (PRX) plays a significant role in the myelination of the peripheral nerve. To date, seven non-sense or frameshift PRX mutations have been reported in six pedigrees with Dejerine-Sottas neuropathy or severe Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy (CMT). We detected a PRX mutation in three patients in the screening of 66 Japanese demyelinating CMT patients(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have revealed relative frequency and characteristic phenotype of two major causative factors for Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS), i.e. epimutation of the H19-differentially methylated region (DMR) and uniparental maternal disomy 7 (upd(7)mat), as well as multilocus methylation abnormalities and positive correlation between(More)
Recently, a few genetic abnormalities were identified in congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS or Ondine's curse). CCHS is often associated with other neurocristopathies, especially with Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR). Mutations of the genes involved in the receptor tyrosine kinase RET (REarranged during Transfection) (RET)-glial cell(More)
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1 (CMT1) is a heterogeneous disorder. Most CMT1 patients are associated with a duplication of 17p11.2-p12 (CMT1A duplication), but a small number of patients have mutations of peripheral myelin protein 22 (PMP22), myelin protein zero (MPZ), connexin 32 (Cx32) and early growth response 2 (EGR2) genes. In our previous study,(More)
Weaver syndrome (WS) is a rare congenital overgrowth disorder caused by heterozygous mutations in EZH2 (enhancer of zeste homolog 2) or EED (embryonic ectoderm development). EZH2 and EED are core components of the polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2), which possesses histone methyltransferase activity and catalyzes trimethylation of histone H3 at lysine 27.(More)