Chikahiko Numakura

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Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease (CMT) has been classified into two types, CMT1 and CMT2, demyelinating and axonal forms, respectively. CMT2 has been further subdivided into eight groups by linkage studies. CMT2A is linked to chromosome 1p35–p36 and mutation in the kinesin family member 1B-ß (KIF1B) gene had been reported in one pedigree. However, no mutation in(More)
Heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) belongs to a family of small heat shock proteins that play significant roles in the cellular stress response and are also involved in the control of protein-protein interactions as chaperons. Mutation in HSP27 has been identified as the cause of axonal Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) and distal hereditary motor neuropathy(More)
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is the most common inherited neuropathy characterized by clinical and genetic heterogeneity. Although more than 30 loci harboring CMT-causing mutations have been identified, many other genes still remain to be discovered for many affected individuals. For two consanguineous families with CMT (axonal and mixed phenotypes), a(More)
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is a heterogeneous disorder and is traditionally classified into two major types, CMT type 1 (CMT1) and CMT type 2 (CMT2). Most CMT1 patients are associated with the duplication of 17p11.2-p12 (CMT1A duplication) and small numbers of patients have mutations of the peripheral myelin protein 22 (PMP22), myelin protein zero(More)
The neurofilament light chain polypeptide (NEFL) forms the major intermediate filament in neurons and axons. NEFL mutation is a cause of axonal or demyelinating forms of dominant Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT). We investigated NEFL in 223 Japanese CMT patients who were negative for PMP22, MPZ, GJB1, LITAF, EGR2, GDAP1, MTMR2 and PRX in the demyelinating(More)
Periaxin (PRX) plays a significant role in the myelination of the peripheral nerve. To date, seven non-sense or frameshift PRX mutations have been reported in six pedigrees with Dejerine-Sottas neuropathy or severe Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy (CMT). We detected a PRX mutation in three patients in the screening of 66 Japanese demyelinating CMT patients(More)
Citrin plays a role in the transfer of NADH-reducing equivalent from cytosol to mitochondria as part of the malate-aspartate shuttle in liver. Citrin deficiency may cause an impairment of glycolysis due to an increase in the cytosolic NADH/NAD ratio leading to an energy shortage in the liver. Mutations of the SLC25A13 gene are responsible for neonatal(More)
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1 (CMT1) is a heterogeneous disorder. Most CMT1 patients are associated with a duplication of 17p11.2-p12 (CMT1A duplication), but a small number of patients have mutations of peripheral myelin protein 22 (PMP22), myelin protein zero (MPZ), connexin 32 (Cx32) and early growth response 2 (EGR2) genes. In our previous study,(More)
Two patients with a mild to moderate phenotype of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease were identified to carry the mutations of the connexin (Cx) 32 gene. One of the patient had a novel nonsense mutation of tryptophan at amino acid 132 and the other had a deletion of the Cx 32 gene. Our study indicated that a loss of Cx 32 function contributes to a major(More)
To study the genetic background of Japanese Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) patients, we analyzed qualitative and quantitative changes in the disease-causing genes mainly by denaturing high performance liquid chromatography and multiplex ligation-dependent probe analysis in 227 patients with demyelinating CMT and 127 patients with axonal CMT. In(More)