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Cyclin-dependent protein kinases (CDKs) play key roles in regulating the eukaryotic cell cycle. We have analyzed the expression of four rice (Oryza sativa) CDK genes, cdc2Os1, cdc2Os2, cdc2Os3, and R2, by in situ hybridization of sections of root apices. Transcripts of cdc2Os1, cdc2Os2, and R2 were detected uniformly in the dividing region of the root apex.(More)
B-type cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) are unique to plants and are assumed to be involved in the control of the G2-to-M phase progression and mitotic events. However, little is known about their cyclin partners. In Arabidopsis, we isolated cDNA encoding the D-type cyclin CYCD4;1 by a yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) two-hybrid screening using CDKB2;1 as(More)
Cell division and differentiation continue throughout the plant life cycle without significant loss of control. However, little is known about the mechanisms that allow the continuous development of meristems. Cell division is controlled by a family of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs). CDK-activating kinases (CAKs) are known to phosphorylate and activate(More)
Cyclins are known to activate cyclin-dependent protein kinases, which are essential for cell cycle progression in eukaryotes. We isolated full-length cDNAs encoding rice mitotic cyclins named CycA1; os; 1 and CycB2;os;1, which are related to A- and B-type cyclins, respectively, from animals. To characterize the function of these mitotic cyclins, as well as(More)
Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) play essential roles in coordinate control of cell cycle progression. Activation of CDKs requires interaction with specific cyclin partners and phosphorylation of their T-loops by CDK-activating kinases (CAKs). The Arabidopsis thaliana genome encodes four potential CAKs. CAK2At (CDKD;3) and CAK4At (CDKD;2) are closely related(More)
Visualization of the spatiotemporal pattern of cell division is crucial to understand how multicellular organisms develop and how they modify their growth in response to varying environmental conditions. The mitotic cell cycle consists of four phases: S (DNA replication), M (mitosis and cytokinesis), and the intervening G1 and G2 phases; however, only(More)
DNA damage checkpoints delay mitotic cell-cycle progression in response to DNA stress, stalling the cell cycle to allow time for repair. CDKB is a plant-specific cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) that is required for the G₂/M transition of the cell cycle. In Arabidopsis, DNA damage leads the degradation of CDKB2, and the subsequent G₂ arrest gives cells time to(More)
Cyclin D (CYCD) plays an important role in cell cycle progression and reentry in response to external signals. Here, we demonstrate that Arabidopsis thaliana CYCD4 is associated with specific cell divisions in the hypocotyl. We observed that cycd4 T-DNA insertion mutants had a reduced number of nonprotruding cells and stomata in the hypocotyl epidermis.(More)
We generated transgenic tobacco and rice plants harboring a chimeric gene consisting of the 5'-upstream sequence of the rice metallothionein gene (ricMT) fused to the beta-glucuronidase (GUS) gene. The activity and tissue-specific expression of the ricMT promoter were demonstrated in these transgenic plants. In the transgenic rice plants, despite(More)
A-type cyclins (CYCAs) are a type of mitotic cyclin and are closely related to cyclin B. Plant CYCAs are classified into three subtypes (CYCA1-CYCA3), among which CYCA3 has been suggested to show a biased expression during the G1-to-S phase. We characterised Arabidopsis CYCA3s (CYCA3;1-CYCA3;4) in terms of expression pattern and protein function. CYCA3;1(More)