Chika Iwamoto

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The acquired JAK2 V617F mutation is observed in the majority of patients with BCR-ABL1 negative chronic myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN). BCR-ABL1 negative MPN displays myeloproliferation with an elevated leucocyte alkaline phosphatase (LAP) activity, a neutrophil activation marker. We tried to separate the downstream signalling of JAK2 V617F to stimulate(More)
Current mouse lines efficient for human cell xenotransplantation are backcrossed into NOD mice to introduce its multiple immunodeficient phenotypes. Our positional genetic study has located the NOD-specific polymorphic Sirpa as a molecule responsible for its high xenograft efficiency: it recognizes human CD47 and the resultant signaling may cause NOD(More)
Bioassay-guided (P388 lymphocytic leukemia cell line) separation of extracts prepared from the leaves, stems, and pods of Bauhinia purpurea, and, in parallel, its roots, led to the isolation of four new dibenz[b,f]oxepins (2a, 3-5) named bauhiniastatins 1-4, as well as the known and related pacharin (1) as cancer cell growth inhibitors. The occurrence of(More)
1Department of Medicine and Biosystemic Science, Kyushu University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Fukuoka, Japan; 2Center for Cellular and Molecular Medicine, Kyushu University Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan; 3Innovative Drug Research Laboratories, Kyowa Hakko Kirin Co Ltd, Tokyo, Japan; 4Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Graduate School of(More)
Growth of collagen fibrils in the presence of DNA was more rapid than that in the absence of DNA. Some of collagen fibrils formed in the presence of DNA were significantly wider than those in the absence of DNA. Moreover, the cross-bandings were also very distinct in spite of using pepsin-digested collagen. These results suggest that DNA not only adsorbs to(More)
Bioassay (P-388 lymphocytic leukemia cell line)-guided separation of an extract prepared from the bark and stem of the Sri Lankan tree Schleichera oleosa led to the isolation of seven cancer cell growth inhibitory hydroxylated sterols designated schleicherastatins 1-7 (1-7) and two related sterols, schleicheols 1 and 2 (8, 9). The structure of(More)
It has been shown that in xenotransplantation of human cells into immunodeficient mice, the mouse strain background is critical. For example, the nonobese diabetic (NOD) strain is most efficient, the BALB/c is moderate, and the C57BL/6 is inefficient for human cell engraftment. We have shown that the NOD-specific polymorphism of the signal regulatory(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) change from a quiescent to activated state in the tumor environment and secrete extracellular matrix (ECM) molecules and cytokines to increase the aggressiveness of tumors. However, it is not clear how PSCs are activated to produce these factors, or whether this process can be inhibited. PSCs have(More)
The bark of the giant neem tree Melia dubia was found to contain 11 euphane-type triterpenes. Five new compounds, meliastatins 1-5 (1-5), proved to inhibit growth of the P388 lymphocytic leukemia cell line (ED(50) 1.7-5.6 microg/mL). Four of the others, the previously known methyl kulonate (8), kulinone (9), 16-hydroxybutyrospermol (10), and kulactone (11),(More)
Specific cell populations leading the local invasion of cancer are called "leading cells". However, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. Here, we identified leading cells in pancreatic cancer and determined how these cells lead and promote cancer cell invasion in the extracellular matrix (ECM). Using three-dimensional matrix remodeling assay, we found(More)