Chihiro Takaoka

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A cDNA coding for human interleukin-2 (IL-2) has been cloned from a cDNA library prepared from partially purified IL-2 mRNA. The DNA sequence codes for a polypeptide which consists of 153 amino acids including a putative signal sequence. A biologically active polypeptide, characteristic of human IL-2, was produced when the cDNA was fused to a simian virus(More)
Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), an auxin plant hormone, is biosynthesized from tryptophan. The indole-3-pyruvic acid (IPyA) pathway, involving the tryptophan aminotransferase TAA1 and YUCCA (YUC) enzymes, was recently found to be a major IAA biosynthetic pathway in Arabidopsis. TAA1 catalyzes the conversion of tryptophan to IPyA, and YUC produces IAA from IPyA.(More)
We have cloned two species of EcoRI-cleaved DNA segments that together cover the entire sequence for the human interleukin 2 gene and have determined the nucleotide sequence of the gene and its flanking regions. The gene contains three introns and the exon sequences can be aligned with the previously reported cDNA sequence almost perfectly except for a few(More)
A unique sequence in the mouse genome which cross-hybridized to a cloned human interferon-beta 1 gene was detected by DNA blot analysis. Taking advantage of this, a cDNA library prepared from partially purified mRNA for mouse interferon-beta was screened using human interferon-beta 1 DNA as a probe. One of the positive clones, pM beta-3, contained a(More)
Ten recombinant plasmids were constructed which direct the synthesis of a mature human interferon-beta 1 (IFN-beta 1) under the control of the Escherichia coli tryptophan (trp) promoter. The spacing between the Shine-Dalgarno sequence of the trpL and the ATG initiation codon of the interferon gene was varied from 6 to 23 nucleotides by utilizing a Cla I(More)
A new type of plasmid expression vector was developed for direct expression of foreign genes in Escherichia coli. The plasmid vector, designated pTrS3, carries the E. coli tryptophan (trp) promoter and the Shine-Dalgarno (SD) sequence for the trp leader peptide as well as an ATG sequence located 13 bp downstream from the SD sequence. The dG residue of this(More)
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