Learn More
Cerebellar and/or vermis atrophy is recognized in various types of childhood disorders with clinical and genetic heterogeneity. Although careful evaluation of clinical features and neuroimaging can lead to correct diagnosis of disorders, their diagnosis is sometimes difficult because clinical features can overlap with each other. In this study, we performed(More)
Mutations in the inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate receptor type 1 gene (ITPR1) have been identified in families with early-onset spinocerebellar ataxia type 29 (SCA29) and late-onset SCA15, but have not been found in sporadic infantile-onset cerebellar ataxia. We examined if mutations of ITPR1 are also involved in sporadic infantile-onset SCA. Sixty patients(More)
KCNT1 mutations have been found in epilepsy of infancy with migrating focal seizures (EIMFS; also known as migrating partial seizures in infancy), autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy, and other types of early onset epileptic encephalopathies (EOEEs). We performed KCNT1-targeted next-generation sequencing (207 samples) and/or whole-exome(More)
OBJECTIVE Focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) type IIb is a cortical malformation characterized by cortical architectural abnormalities, dysmorphic neurons, and balloon cells. It has been suggested that FCDs are caused by somatic mutations in cells in the developing brain. Here, we explore the possible involvement of somatic mutations in FCD type IIb. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE De novo SCN8A mutations have been reported in patients with epileptic encephalopathy. Herein we report seven patients with de novo heterozygous SCN8A mutations, which were found in our comprehensive genetic analysis (target capture or whole-exome sequencing) for early onset epileptic encephalopathies (EOEEs). METHODS A total of 163 patients with(More)
Autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxias and autosomal recessive hereditary spastic paraplegias are clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorders with diverse neurological and non-neurological features. We herein describe a Japanese patient with a slowly progressive form of ataxia and spastic paraplegia. Using whole exome sequencing, we identified a(More)
Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a rare cerebrovascular disease characterized by progressive occlusion of the terminal portion of the internal carotid arteries and their branches. A genetic background was under speculation, because of the high incidence of familial occurrence. Sibling cases usually exhibit a similar clinical course. Recently, RNF213 was identified(More)
Defects of the human glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor biosynthetic pathway show a broad range of clinical phenotypes. A homozygous mutation in PIGN, a member of genes involved in the GPI anchor-synthesis pathway, was previously reported to cause dysmorphic features, multiple congenital anomalies, severe neurological impairment, and seizure in a(More)
Defects in the mitochondrial translation apparatus can impair energy production in affected tissues and organs. Most components of this apparatus are encoded by nuclear genes, including GFM2, which encodes a mitochondrial ribosome recycling factor. A few patients with mutations in some of these genes have been reported to date. Here, we present two female(More)