Chihiro Miyajima

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We compared the abilities of alginate polymers having different molecular sizes and compositions to induce the secretion of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha in RAW264.7 cells. The molecular sizes and alpha-L-guluronate/beta-D-mannuronate (M/G) ratios of highly purified alginate polymers used in this study were 9000-38 000 and 1.50-3.17, respectively. Among(More)
We examined whether calcium alginate (Ca-Alg) reduces blood cholesterol levels in rats fed a high-cholesterol diet. First, we examined taurocholate adsorption in vitro by various types of sodium alginate (Na-Alg). High molecular-weight, guluronic acid-rich Na-Alg showed the greatest adsorption of taurocholate, and therefore the corresponding Ca-Alg was(More)
Alginate (ALA), which is an intercellular polysaccharide associated with brown algae, is used as a food additive, a health food and a medicine. Here, we first examined the adsorption of strontium (Sr) and cesium (Cs) by ALA in vitro, and then evaluated the effects of ALA on absorption and excretion of Sr and Cs in rats, in order to evaluate its potential(More)
We investigated the relationship between the physical parameters of various metal ions, including toxic metal ions, and the binding affinity of these metal ions for alginate (Alg). The binding constant, K, of Sr2+ was the highest among all tested metal ions. The order of K values was:(More)
Novel and potent ACAT (acyl-CoA: cholesterol O-acyltransferase) inhibitors, (R)-N-2-(1,3-benzodioxol-4-yl)heptyl-N'-2,6-diisopropylphenylur ea (2a, EAB-309), and its enantiomer 2b (EAB-310), were prepared from 4-(1,3-benzodioxole)carbaldehyde (7) via optically active (R or S)-2-(1,3- benzodioxol-4-yl)heptanoic acid (12a or 12b). Compound 2a showed potent(More)
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