Chihiro Azuma

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Around the onset of labor, uterine sensitivity to oxytocin (OT) increases tremendously. Although this is considered to reflect OT receptor (OTR) augmentation in myometrium, neither spatial expression of OTR nor the level of the receptor message during the course of pregnancy have been investigated at the molecular level. We examined the localization and(More)
We isolated and characterized the human oxytocin receptor gene. Southern blots indicated that the human genome has a single copy of the gene. Chromosomal localization by fluorescence in situ hybridization also showed that the gene was a single copy, assigned to 3p26.2 of the human chromosome. The gene spans approximately 17 kilobases and contains 3 introns(More)
In order to evaluate the changes in uterine oxytocin receptor-specific mRNA during pregnancy, receptor expression in Xenopus oocytes are examined electrophysiologically following microinjection of mRNA from human uterus. In voltage-clamped oocytes injected with term myometrial mRNA, oxytocin elicited an inward current response. The amplitude of the(More)
The production of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) is suggested to be critical for the successful implantation of blastocysts into decidua, because LIF expression is essential for the implantation of mouse blastocytes. We investigated the regulation of LIF production by decidual cytokines and steroid hormones. Stimulation of decidual cells by interleukin-1,(More)
Secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (SLPI) is a potent inhibitor of human leukocyte elastase. SLPI transcripts in the cervical tissue were detected during the menstrual cycle by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Western blot analysis revealed that the intensity of SLPI protein in cervical tissue in the ovulatory phase was stronger(More)
In the human oxytocin receptor (OTR) gene, there is a CpG island from 140 bp upstream to 2338 bp downstream of the transcription start site (TSS). We investigated whether the methylation state of this region affects the transcription of the OTR gene. HepG2 derived from human hepatoblastoma, in which OTR gene transcription was suppressed, was treated with a(More)
To determine the structure of the mouse oxytocin receptor (OTR) gene, we have screened a mouse genomic library and confirmed cDNA sequence with rapid amplification of cDNA ends. Southern blot using human OTR cDNA probes indicated that the mouse genome has a single copy of the gene. The predicted amino acid sequence is 91% identical to human OTR. The gene(More)
OBJECTIVES Oxidative stress in the reproductive system is thought to affect the fertilizing ability of sperm. Since 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and lipid peroxides are widely used as markers to quantify oxidative stress, we compared 8-OHdG and lipid peroxide concentrations in seminal plasma and spermatozoa from subfertile and fertile men. STUDY(More)
Proliferation and maturation of antigen-stimulated B cells are regulated by several soluble factors derived from macrophages and T cells. These soluble factors are functionally divided into two groups: B-cell growth factor (BCGF), thought to be involved in B-cell proliferation; and B-cell differentiation factor (BCDF), responsible for maturation of(More)
Macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) induces proliferation of monocyte/macrophage progenitor cells and can also activate some functions of mature cells including fetally derived placental cells. To study the role of M-CSF in the pregnant female reproductive tract, the expression of M-CSF mRNA and its receptor, c-fms proto-oncogene, in human placenta(More)