Chiharu Ohue

Learn More
The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical performance of a new enzyme immunoassay (EIA) for hepatitis C virus (HCV) core antigen in comparison with the reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). A total of 310 patients with acute or chronic hepatitis C, and 132 HCV-negative controls were studied. Chemiluminescence EIA with monoclonal(More)
To identify the so-called toxohormone, which is a tumor-derived factor with activity to induce cancer cachexia syndrome in tumor-bearing animals, 5 human cancer cell lines with this activity were studied for cytokine production. Tumor cell products with activity to inhibit lipoprotein lipase (LPL) were shown to play an important role in the development of(More)
A highly sensitive enzyme immunoassay (EIA) for the hepatitis C virus (HCV) core antigen (HCVcAg) was developed, and its performance was compared with that of the AMPLICOR HCV test (Roche Molecular Systems). The developed one-step pretreatment method, 30-min incubation of the specimen with a solution containing three different types of detergents (Triton(More)
Although hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a well-known causative agent of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the mechanism by which HCV induces HCC remains obscure. To elucidate the role of HCV in hepatocarcinogenesis, a model of hepatocyte injury was established using HCV core transgenic mice, which were developed using C57BL/6 mice transfected with the HCV core(More)
Frequent observations of allelic loss in chromosomal band 4q21-22 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have suggested the presence of one or more tumor suppressor genes in this region. We screened HCC cell lines by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to detect alterations in expression of genes within the region in question by examining(More)
The protective effect of recombinant human leukemia inhibitory factor (rhLIF) against development of thrombocytopenia in carboplatin (CBDCA; cis-diammine-1,1-cyclobutane dicarboxylate platinum II)-treated mice was examined. The optimal dose of rhLIF was determined by administering doses of rhLIF ranging from 0.2 to 20 micrograms/day intraperitoneally to(More)
 Toxohormones are tumor-derived factors that induce cancer cachexia syndrome in tumor-bearing animals. Nude mice bearing tumors induced by eight human cancer cell lines with this activity were studied for cytokine production and expression of a newly identified gene, ob, which has the ability to control body weight. A melanoma cell line, SEKI, and a(More)
There are periods within the early phase of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in which the anti-HCV antibody test is unable to confirm HCV viremia. To reduce the risk of transmitting HCV through transfusions, we developed a simple and highly sensitive enzyme immunoassay (EIA) which detects the core antigen of HCV (HCVcAg). This assay employed a conventional(More)
  • 1