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The family of aquaporins, also called water channels or major intrinsic proteins, is characterized by six transmembrane domains that together facilitate the transport of water and a variety of low molecular weight solutes. They are found in all domains of life, but show their highest diversity in plants. Numerous studies identified aquaporins as important(More)
The authors investigated the DNA methylation patterns of the E-cadherin, Connexin 26 (Cx26), Rassf1a and c-fos genes in the early phase of rat hepatocarcinogenesis induced by a choline-deficient L-amino acid-defined (CDAA) diet. Six-week-old F344 male rats were continuously fed with the CDAA diet, and three animals were then killed at each of 4 and 8 days(More)
Organochlorines (OCs), notably polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), are ubiquitous environmental contaminants. Contaminant-induced immunosuppression by OCs has been implicated as a co-factor in the deaths of thousands of marine mammals in infectious disease epizootics over the last two decades, and limited studies(More)
Marine mammals bioaccumulate various environmental contaminants such as organochlorines (OCs), which biomagnify via the food web. While the immunomodulatory effects of individual OCs have been studied, the effects of mixtures are not well understood. The immunomodulatory effects of polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) 138, 153, 169, and 180 as well as(More)
Increasing evidence has supported the general hypothesis that organochlorines (OC) can produce immunotoxic effects in marine mammals. One important innate defense mechanism is phagocytosis, the ability of cells to ingest extracellular macromolecules. The present study is aimed at characterizing the immunomodulatory potential of mixtures of OCs on(More)
Organochlorine (OC) contaminants, notably polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), are ubiquitous in all ecosystems and found in the tissues of humans and wildlife. Although the immunotoxicity of coplanar, dioxinlike PCBs is well documented, the adverse effects exerted by non-coplanar, non-dioxinlike PCBs have(More)
Spermatogenesis is a developmental process that occurs in several phases and is regulated by a large number of gene products. An insertional transgenic mouse mutant (termed kisimo mouse) has been isolated that results in abnormal germ-cell development, showing abnormal elongated spermatids in the lumina of seminiferous tubules. We cloned the disrupted locus(More)
Contaminant-induced immunosuppression by organochlorines (OC), particularly polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), has been suspected as a cofactor in the deaths of thousands of marine mammals. One important innate defense mechanism is phagocytosis, the ability of cells to ingest extracellular macromolecules. The present study was aimed at characterizing the(More)
Mutations of the mitochondria DNA (mtDNA) displacement loop (D-loop) were investigated to clarify different changes of exogenous and endogenous liver carcinogenesis in rats. We induced hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) in rats with N-nitrosodiethylamine (DEN) and a choline-deficient l-amino acid-defined (CDAA) diet. DNAs were extracted from 10 HCCs induced(More)
Alloantigen reactive cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) were generated from cord blood (CB) lymphocytes used for cord blood stem cell transplantation (CBSCT). The CTL were cytotoxic against the patient's leukemic cells, as well as the patient's EBV-lymphoblastoid cell line (EBV-LCL), and PHA blasts. The cytotoxicity against patient's EBV-LCL was blocked by(More)