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The family of aquaporins, also called water channels or major intrinsic proteins, is characterized by six transmembrane domains that together facilitate the transport of water and a variety of low molecular weight solutes. They are found in all domains of life, but show their highest diversity in plants. Numerous studies identified aquaporins as important(More)
Organochlorines (OCs), notably polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), are ubiquitous environmental contaminants. Contaminant-induced immunosuppression by OCs has been implicated as a co-factor in the deaths of thousands of marine mammals in infectious disease epizootics over the last two decades, and limited studies(More)
The authors investigated the DNA methylation patterns of the E-cadherin, Connexin 26 (Cx26), Rassf1a and c-fos genes in the early phase of rat hepatocarcinogenesis induced by a choline-deficient L-amino acid-defined (CDAA) diet. Six-week-old F344 male rats were continuously fed with the CDAA diet, and three animals were then killed at each of 4 and 8 days(More)
Marine mammals bioaccumulate various environmental contaminants such as organochlorines (OCs), which biomagnify via the food web. While the immunomodulatory effects of individual OCs have been studied, the effects of mixtures are not well understood. The immunomodulatory effects of polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) 138, 153, 169, and 180 as well as(More)
Spermatogenesis is a developmental process that occurs in several phases and is regulated by a large number of gene products. An insertional transgenic mouse mutant (termed kisimo mouse) has been isolated that results in abnormal germ-cell development, showing abnormal elongated spermatids in the lumina of seminiferous tubules. We cloned the disrupted locus(More)
Organochlorine (OC) contaminants, notably polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), are ubiquitous in all ecosystems and found in the tissues of humans and wildlife. Although the immunotoxicity of coplanar, dioxinlike PCBs is well documented, the adverse effects exerted by non-coplanar, non-dioxinlike PCBs have(More)
Increasing evidence has supported the general hypothesis that organochlorines (OC) can produce immunotoxic effects in marine mammals. One important innate defense mechanism is phagocytosis, the ability of cells to ingest extracellular macromolecules. The present study is aimed at characterizing the immunomodulatory potential of mixtures of OCs on(More)
Mutations of the mitochondria DNA (mtDNA) displacement loop (D-loop) were investigated to clarify different changes of exogenous and endogenous liver carcinogenesis in rats. We induced hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) in rats with N-nitrosodiethylamine (DEN) and a choline-deficient l-amino acid-defined (CDAA) diet. DNAs were extracted from 10 HCCs induced(More)
Organochlorines (OC) are lipophilic and stable, and therefore accumulate in tissues of top predators, such as marine mammals. While the immunomodulatory effects of individual OC have been studied in lab animals, their effects in other species (such as marine mammals) and the possible interactions between chemicals in mixtures are not well understood. This(More)
Contaminant-induced immunosuppression by organochlorines (OC), particularly polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), has been suspected as a cofactor in the deaths of thousands of marine mammals. One important innate defense mechanism is phagocytosis, the ability of cells to ingest extracellular macromolecules. The present study was aimed at characterizing the(More)