Chiharu Kawanami

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BACKGROUND Gastric acid secretion in Japanese subjects decreases with aging. One of the possible causative mechanisms of this attenuated acid secretion is speculated to be a Helicobacter pylori induced chronic gastritis. The infection rate of this microorganism has decreased recently in Japan. AIMS To investigate whether gastric acid secretion has altered(More)
Gastrointestinal follicular lymphoma (GI-FL) is a relatively rare disease, accounting for only 1%-3.6% of gastrointestinal non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Although the duodenum and terminal ileum are considered to be the most common sites of origin, the development of wireless capsule endoscopy and double-balloon enteroscopy has increased the detection of GI-FL in(More)
We examined 13 human gastric carcinoma celllines for the expression of both c-kit and stem cellfactor (SCF). Expression of mRNAs was detected by bothNorthern blot analysis and reversetranscriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and expression oftranslated proteins was detected by western blotting.Using RT-PCR we confirmed the expression of c-kit infive(More)
BACKGROUND Meckel's diverticulum is a congenital anomaly of the gastrointestinal tract. About 98% of affected patients are asymptomatic. Small intestinal examination has become easier since the development of double-balloon enteroscopy. The present case series describes 10 patients with Meckel's diverticulum in whom double-balloon enteroscopy was useful for(More)
Since information concerning reflux oesophagitis in the elderly is limited, particularly in Japan, the severity and symptomatic profiles of reflux oesophagitis in elderly patients were investigated. One hundred and nineteen patients with reflux oesophagitis found among 2278 endoscopy cases between 1993 and 1996 were investigated in this study. The patients(More)
Control of immune-regulating cells in the colonic mucosa is important in the treatment of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The aim of study was to examine the therapeutic effect of dexamethasone (DX) microspheres on 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis in rats, a model for human Crohn's disease. DX microspheres and DX(More)
Several studies have indicated the involvement of macrophages and dendritic cells in active inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Manipulation of these cells is considered a very important therapeutic strategy for patients with IBD. We evaluated the effect of a new drug delivery system targeting microfold cells and macrophages with poly(DL-lactic acid)(More)
A case of systemic capillary leak syndrome in a 67-year-old woman is reported. The patient suddenly presented with severe edema and hypotension associated with an increased hematocrit and a decreased level of serum albumin, suggesting capillary hyperpermeability. The patient had IgG kappa monoclonal gammopathy in association with not only a slight increase(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) is a promising therapeutic agent for various diseases. It remains unclear, however, whether bFGF is effective for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease. The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of bFGF on 2 experimental murine colitis models and to investigate its molecular mechanisms.(More)
Immunological interaction between the host and Helicobacter pylori seems to play a critical role in follicular formation in gastric mucosa. We reported H. pylori-induced follicular gastritis model using neonatally thymectomized mice. In this study, we investigated the involvement of various cytokines in this model. BALB/c mice were thymectomized on the(More)