Chiharu Kaji

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OBJECTIVE Bacterial biofilms cause serious problems, such as antibiotic resistance and medical device-related infections. Recent reports indicate that Bacillus species potentially form biofilms and cause nosocomial bacteremia via catheter infection. Our objective was to investigate the relationship between nosocomial bacteremia caused by Bacillus species(More)
A typing system for Clostridium difficile using sequencing of the surface-layer protein A encoding gene (slpA) was evaluated and used to analyse clinical isolates in Japan. A total of 160 stool specimens from symptomatic patients in Japan was examined and 87 C. difficile isolates were recovered. slpA sequence typing was found to have reliable typability and(More)
Clostridium difficile is a major cause of antibiotic-associated diarrhea and frequently results in healthcare-associated infections. The epidemiology of C. difficile infection (CDI), including the prevalent polymerase chain reaction (PCR) ribotypes and the clinical characteristics of the patients, is not well known in Japan, compared to the situation in the(More)
Thirty-seven Haemophilus influenzae strains from nasopharyngeal swabs (NP) and 44 H. influenzae strains from cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were investigated. Of the 37 H. influenzae isolates from NP, the serotypes of 30 isolates were nontypeable, 4 were type b, 2 were type c, and 1 was type a, whereas all of the 44 isolates from CSF were type b. The MICs of 16(More)
Biofilms can be defined as communities of microorganisms attached to a surface. Those bacterial biofilms cause serious problems, such as antibiotic resistance and medical device-related infections. Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is an important pathogen in respiratory infections, as it forms biofilms both in vitro and in vivo such as human middle(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this prospective study was to investigate the status of acute respiratory tract infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae and Streptococcus pneumoniae in tsunami disaster evacuation camps. METHODS Nasopharyngeal swabs (NP) of 324 internally displaced persons (IDP) in 3 different tsunami disaster evacuation camps of Sri Lanka(More)
To evaluate the biofilm formation of non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) and H. influenzae type b (Hib) clinical isolates, we conducted the following study. Serotyping and polymerase chain reaction were performed to identify β-lactamase-negative ampicillin (ABPC)-susceptible (BLNAS), β-lactamase-negative ABPC-resistant (BLNAR), TEM-1 type(More)
The possible intrafamiliar transmission of Moraxella catarrhalis was evaluated in 3 pairs between children and their parents, and 8 pairs between siblings from 11 families. Of the 22 isolates, all were found producing beta-lactamase. Molecular typing by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) with Not I and Spe I showed that the PFGE patterns in 2 of 3(More)
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