Learn More
BACKGROUND Patients with mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are associated with poor bone growth and mineralization, however, information regarding the assessment of bone mineral density (BMD) in relation to age and treatment in this disorder is limited. METHODS Dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) was performed in 30 patients with MPS (21 males and 9 females;(More)
BACKGROUND Mucopolysaccharidosis type VI (MPS VI; Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome) is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease induced by a deficiency of the enzyme N-acetylgalactosamine-4-sulfatase (arylsulfatase B, ARSB). The deficiency of ARSB leads to an accumulation of dermatan sulfate (DS) in lysosomes and gross excretion in the urine. The prevalence(More)
Previous studies on the incidence of the various types of mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) in different populations have shown considerable variation. However, information regarding the incidence of MPS in the Asian population is lacking. An epidemiological study of the MPS disorders in Taiwan using multiple ascertainment sources was undertaken, and incidences(More)
BACKGROUND Hunter syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis type II) is an X-linked recessive lysosomal storage disease caused by a defect of the iduronate-2-sulfatase (IDS) gene. The result is impaired IDS enzyme function. METHODS To characterize the biochemical and molecular defects in IDS-deficient patients and their families, we measured IDS enzyme activity by(More)
OBJECTIVE Although the nutritional value of human milk has been thoroughly studied, few reports describing its free amino acid (FAA) content have been published. Although infant formulas are designed to approximate the nutrient composition of human milk, the content and concentration of free amino acids are unknown. We compared the FAA concentrations of(More)
BACKGROUND Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia characterized by progressive cognitive impairment in the elderly people. The most dramatic abnormalities are those of the cholinergic system. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) plays a key role in the regulation of the cholinergic system, and hence, inhibition of AChE has emerged as one of(More)
INTRODUCTION Previous studies have shown that serum p-cresyl sulfate (PCS) and indoxyl sulfate (IS) were significantly related to clinical outcomes in patients on hemodialysis (HD). However, evidence for the relationship in elderly HD patients remains scarce. We explore whether the two toxins can predict clinical outcomes in elderly HD patients. MATERIAL(More)
BACKGROUND The identification of acid mucopolysaccharide by the liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry method (LC-MS/MS) of the predominant disaccharide units of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) (chondroitin sulfate, CS; dermatan sulfate, DS; heparan sulfate, HS) after methanolysis is validated and applicable for mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) type(More)
To evaluate the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and to clarify sleep characteristics in patients with mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS), we performed overnight polysomnographic studies in 24 patients (22 males and 2 females; 3 with MPS I, 15 with MPS II, 1 with MPS III, 1 with MPS IV, and 4 with MPS VI; mean age, 10.8 ± 6.0 years; age range, 2.0-23.7(More)
Globoid cell leukodystrophy (GLD) is a devastating lysosomal storage disease caused by deficiency of the enzyme galactocerebrosidase (GALC). Currently, there is no definite cure for GLD. Several attempts with CNS-directed gene therapy in twitcher mice (a murine model of GLD) demonstrated restricted expression of GALC activity in CNS and failure of(More)