Chih-Yu Yang

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BACKGROUND Recent studies concluded that dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors provide glycemic control but also raised concerns about the risk for heart failure in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, large-scale studies of the effects on cardiovascular outcomes of adding DPP-4 inhibitors versus sulfonylureas to metformin therapy(More)
Percutaneous renal biopsy is frequently performed, and postbiopsy arteriovenous fistula (AVF) formation is not uncommon. In most cases, it is asymptomatic and remains undiagnosed, because Doppler examination is not performed routinely. We describe 2 cases of postbiopsy AVF of the kidney that were detected 61 and 17 months after renal biopsy, respectively.(More)
BACKGROUND Malfunction of the arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is an important cause of morbidity and hospitalization in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of far infrared therapy on the maturation and patency of newly created AVFs in patients with chronic kidney disease stage 4 or 5. STUDY DESIGN Randomized controlled(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Essential trace elements are involved in many biological processes for normal cell function including immunological defense against oxidation and infection. Deficiency of these elements generally leads to illness or even death in the general population. Therefore, we investigated the predictive values of trace element status on clinical(More)
BACKGROUND The process of vascular calcification has been associated with the canonical Wnt/β-catenin signalling pathway in cell cultures and animal studies. The relationship between circulating Wnt/β-catenin inhibitors and vascular calcification in dialysis patients is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between serum(More)
OBJECTIVES Serum creatinine is an important clinical marker for renal clearance. However, the Jaffe method had much interference and the accuracy had not been tested in patients under hemodialysis (HD) with standard isotope dilution-liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (IDLCMS) method. The validity of enzymatic method is also unknown. METHODS The(More)
BACKGROUND Whether oral anticoagulant use should be considered in patients undergoing hemodialysis with atrial fibrillation (AF) remains controversial because of the uncertainty regarding risk-benefit assessments. The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk of ischemic stroke in patients undergoing hemodialysis with new-onset AF, in comparison(More)
Although oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs) have been associated with immunomodulation in preclinical studies, little is still known about the association between the use of OADs and the risk of sepsis. Using a cohort of patients, extracted from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database, with type 2 diabetes who were newly diagnosed between 2010 and(More)
BACKGROUND The spot urine protein/creatinine ratio (UPCR) is proposed to be a substitute for 24-hour urinary protein (24h-UP). This study is aimed to determine whether the predictive accuracy of 24h-UP using UPCR can be improved by simply multiplying estimated daily urine creatinine excretion (eUCr) and UPCR together. METHODS This study enrolled 120(More)
BACKGROUND The usage of urine protein/creatinine ratio to estimate daily urine protein excretion is prevalent, but relatively little attention has been paid to the influence of urine concentration and its impact on test accuracy. We took advantage of 24-hour urine collection to examine both urine protein/creatinine ratio (UPCR) and daily urine protein(More)