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Tools to measure transmembrane-protein diffusion in lipid bilayer membranes have advanced in recent decades, providing a need for predictive theoretical models that account for interleaflet leaflet friction on tracer mobility. Here we address the fully three-dimensional flows driven by a (nonprotruding) transmembrane protein embedded in a dual-leaflet(More)
Diabetic nephropathy is characterized as the progressive development of renal insufficiency in a setting of hyperglycemia. Previous studies indicate that reactive oxygen species (ROS) play an important role in high glucose-induced renal injury. Cilostazol was reported to lower the production of superoxide significantly in situ. We hypothesized that(More)
This paper presents a microfluidic chip platform with electrochemical carbon nanotube electrodes for preclinical evaluation of antibiotics nanocapsules. Currently, there has been an increasing interest in the development of nanocapsules for drug delivery applications for localized treatments of diseases. So far, the methods to detect antibiotics are liquid(More)
A variety of observations-sometimes controversial-have been made in recent decades when attempting to elucidate the roles of interfacial slip on tracer diffusion in phospholipid membranes. Evans-Sackmann theory (1988) has furnished membrane viscosities and lubrication-film thicknesses for supported membranes from experimentally measured lateral diffusion(More)
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