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Using a transgene-based screening, we previously isolated several Arabidopsis mutants defective in protein import into chloroplasts. Positional cloning of one of the loci, CIA1, revealed that CIA1 encodes Gln phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate amidotransferase 2 (ATase2), one of the three ATase isozymes responsible for the first committed step of de novo purine(More)
Polyubiquitin genes encode the highly conserved 76-amino acid protein ubiquitin that is covalently attached to substrate proteins targeting most for degradation. Polyubiquitin genes are characterized by the presence of tandem repeats of the 228 bp that encode a ubiquitin monomer. Five polyubiquitin genes UBQ3, UBQ4, UBQ10, UBQ11, and UBQ14, previously(More)
Plastid biogenesis and maintenance depend on the coordinated assembly of proteins imported from the cytosol with proteins translated within plastids. Chloroplasts in leaf cells have a greater need for protein import and protein synthesis than plastids in other organs due to the large amount of proteins required for photosynthesis. We previously reported(More)
To gain a better understanding of gene expression in bamboo (Bambusa edulis Murno), we have used a combination of suppressive subtractive hybridization (SSH), microarray hybridization analysis, sequencing, and bioinformatics to identify bamboo genes differentially expressed in a bamboo albino mutant. Ten expressed sequence tags (ESTs) were found to be(More)
Accurate import of thousands of nuclear-encoded proteins is an important step in plastid biogenesis. However, the import machinery of cytosolic precursor proteins to plastids relies on the Toc and Tic (translocons on the outer envelope and inner envelope membrane of chloroplasts) complexes. Toc159 protein was identified in pea (Pisum sativum) as a major(More)
Genetic variation evolves during postglacial range expansion of a species and is important for adapting to varied environmental conditions. It is crucial for the future survival of a species. We investigate the nuclear DNA sequence variation to provide evidence of postglacial range expansion of Musa basjoo var. formosana, a wild banana species, and test for(More)
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