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Aberrant serum IgG N-glycome has been demonstrated in various autoimmune diseases and viral infections. However, the correlation between serum IgG N-glycome and cytokine is unclear. In addition, the clinical relevance of IgG glycosylation and cytokine changes in the treatment outcome of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) has never been assessed. One hundred and(More)
BACKGROUND Aberrant serum immunoglobulin G (IgG) glycosylation and its immunomodulatory effect are rarely addressed in chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. METHODS Serum IgG-Fc glycosylation profiles in 76 patients with HBV-related liver cirrhosis and 115 patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) before and after 48 weeks of anti-HBV nucleos(t)ide(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM CO2 has been reported to be absorbed from the bowel more rapidly than air, resulting in a discomfort reduction after colonoscopy. Its role in deeply sedated patients is limited. This study was designed to investigate the efficacy and safety of CO2 insufflation during colonoscopy in patients deeply sedated with propofol. METHODS A total(More)
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