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OBJECTIVE To determine whether evidence-based socioculturally adapted collaborative depression care improves receipt of depression care and depression and diabetes outcomes in low-income Hispanic subjects. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This was a randomized controlled trial of 387 diabetic patients (96.5% Hispanic) with clinically significant depression(More)
This study applied piecewise latent growth modeling to longitudinal survey data from 2 different samples of adolescents (N=1,002 and N=1,206) to examine the hypothesis that development of sensation seeking in middle school would predict development of substance use (cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana) in middle school and high school. Results showed that(More)
BACKGROUND Older people are at risk for health decline and loss of independence. Lifestyle interventions offer potential for reducing such negative outcomes. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a preventive lifestyle-based occupational therapy intervention, administered in a variety of community-based sites, in(More)
A common factor related to both substance use and obesity is neuropsychological function. Executive cognitive function (ECF) is an overarching construct that represents individual neurocognitive skills involved in self-regulated, problem-solving, and goal-directed health behavior. The current study investigates cross-sectional associations among ECF and(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine sustained effectiveness in reducing depression symptoms and improving depression care 1 year following intervention completion. METHOD Of 387 low-income, predominantly Hispanic diabetes patients with major depression symptoms randomized to 12-month socioculturally adapted collaborative care (psychotherapy(More)
Reverse-scored items on assessment scales increase cognitive processing demands and may therefore lead to measurement problems for older adult respondents. In this study, the objective was to examine possible psychometric inadequacies of reverse-scored items on the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) when used to assess ethnically(More)
The aim of the study was to explore the association between perceived stress, depression and food consumption frequency. A self-administered questionnaire that included the perceived stress scale, the depression scale and dietary intake was used in the baseline survey of a cohort study of 2579 local college students over 7 cities in China. Gender and city(More)
The objective of this exploratory analysis was to use a repeated measures modeling approach to identify potential predictors of improved mood over time in patients with major depression. Fifty-one subjects with major depressive disorder (MDD) were enrolled in a 1-week single blind placebo lead-in, followed by an 8-week, double-blind placebo-controlled(More)
Investigated were relations among executive cognitive function (ECF), food intake, and physical activity in 184, fourth grade children. It was hypothesized that self-reported ECF proficiency would predict greater self-reported fruit/vegetable intake and physical activity, but less "snack food" intake. Structural models demonstrated that ECF was(More)